Commodities

David Fickling is a Bloomberg Gadfly columnist covering commodities, as well as industrial and consumer companies. He has been a reporter for Bloomberg News, Dow Jones, the Wall Street Journal, the Financial Times and the Guardian.

Gold has got off to a great start in 2017, climbing 8.9 percent and even erasing its post-U.S. election slump with a leap to $1,251 an ounce Thursday.

That sounds good for precious metal bulls. But haven't we seen this picture before?

Spring Awakening
Gold has tended to put in strong first-quarter performances in recent years
Source: Bloomberg

A bright outlook for gold in the first quarter has become as predictable a sign of spring as flowering snowdrops and awakening groundhogs. But over the past four years, the rally held throughout the year only once, in 2016. That suggests this year's boomlet may already be nearing its end.

Gold shows a pronounced seasonality, driven largely by the period from early November to mid-February when Diwali, Christmas and Lunar New Year stoke jewelry demand in India, the U.S. and China, which collectively account for more than two-thirds of the world's consumption of gold trinkets.

Averaging out the past seven years of data from the World Gold Council, a clear picture emerges: Jewelry buyers weight their purchases heavily toward the last quarter, with ETFs and funds trimming their positions at the same time to match the rising demand.

Buy in May
Only investment funds lift their gold purchases in the second quarter of the year
Source: World Gold Council, Gadfly calculations
Note: Shows quarterly demand variance from all-quarter average. Based on seven-year averages. Only major swing sectors and total figures are shown. *Official sector = central banks and other institutions.

Consumer buying then drops off, but the rest of the market keeps surfing the price wave to push demand about 25 metric tons above its 1,103-ton average quarterly run rate in the three months through March. By the start of April, buying looks weak in almost all sectors of the market, pushing total purchases about 23 tons below average.

The second-quarter blues will start kicking in well before the end of March. Buying at the start of January and selling a month later would have produced an average 4.2 percent return over the past 10 years. February trades yielded 2.3 percent, but the 1.5 percent average drop in March kicks off a fallow season that lasts until things pick up again in August.

Seasonal Blues
Gold tends to do well in January and February before falling off in March
Source: Bloomberg, Gadfly calculations

Holding for longer doesn't work so well, either. The weakness between March and June tends to dig a hole under investment positions that can be difficult to climb out of without taking a loss.

Timing It
It's hardest to get a return on gold if you buy at the end of the March or September quarters
Source: Bloomberg, Gadfly calculations
Note: Shows 5-year average return from buying gold at the end of the quarter on the x-axis and selling after the period denoted by the bar.

For investors who went long gold at the back end of last year, congratulations: You've had a good couple of months. Those tempted to join them should bear in mind that the prospect of three rate hikes this year from the U.S. Federal Reserve hasn't gone away, and the odds of an increase at its May meeting are above 50 percent.

Equity investors have long done inexplicably well by the seemingly dumb formula of "sell in May and go away." Their counterparts in the gold market might not want to wait so long.

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of Bloomberg LP and its owners.

  1. It surged as high as $1,337/oz as results came in on Nov. 9 but then slipped on each of the subsequent days, dipping decisively below $1,250/oz on Nov. 11.

To contact the author of this story:
David Fickling in Sydney at dfickling@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story:
Matthew Brooker at mbrooker1@bloomberg.net