Real Estate

Nisha Gopalan is a Bloomberg Gadfly columnist covering deals and banking. She previously worked for the Wall Street Journal and Dow Jones as an editor and a reporter.

Prices may be plunging but there are some who reckon real estate in Hong Kong is still a buy. Chinese developers, for instance.

On a pure macroeconomic level, it doesn't make a lot of sense, especially since the forecast in China is for rising real estate prices and further declines in the city. But demand is being driven by more than the direction of home prices alone.

One attraction is access to an appreciating currency as the yuan weakens. As CLSA analyst Nicole Wong noted, even if developers ``get zero gains in Hong Kong, the depreciating yuan means they're better off in the city.'' She also points out that on the mainland, homebuilders have to pay a tax on any profits of 25 percent, and that's on top of a land-appreciation levy of about 5 percent. In Hong Kong, profits are taxed at 16.5 percent.

Downhill From Here?
Real estate prices in Hong Kong have been falling since September
Sources: Centaline Property Centra-City Leading Index, Standard & Poor's



Another draw is that Hong Kong's developers themselves aren't bidding, or at least not as much as they used to, leaving the auction floor wide open.

On Monday, a parcel of government land in Tai Po, an area in the New Territories of Hong Kong, sold for HK$2.13 billion ($273 million), or HK$1,904 per square foot, to a unit of state-controlled China Overseas Land & Investment -- nearly 70 percent less per square foot than a similar transaction in September. Earlier this month, Shenzhen-based homebuilder China Vanke snapped up a plot in Sham Shui Po for HK$4,249 a square foot of floor area, the least any government residential site in Kowloon has raised since 2004.

It may seem like companies from the mainland are getting a bargain, but with Hong Kong's economy slowing and a lot of new supply coming over the next few years, no one expects a rebound in prices anytime soon.

On the Up
Prices of newly built residential buildings in first-tier cities in China
Sources: Bloomberg Intelligence



That's probably the view Hong Kong developers have taken. Certainly Standard & Poor's expects the market to get tougher in 2016, saying earlier this week that average home prices, which have already fallen 11 percent since September, could be as much as 15 percent lower than last year.

Hong Kong developers also have a backlog of unsold stock -- discounts of almost 15 percent on new apartments aren't uncommon -- and from a financial standpoint they can afford to sit on the sidelines too.

Companies like Sun Hung Kai and Cheung Kong Property have been in the real estate game a lot longer than than their mainland counterparts. They've built out huge portfolios of retail and office space from which they can get rental income when residential prices are volatile.

Mainland developers aren't in such a fortunate position. They have precious few other income streams to see them through when residential prices see-saw, plus more often than not they're leveraged to the hilt -- their net debt-to-equity levels average 139 percent, versus 23 percent in Hong Kong, data compiled by Bloomberg show.

But using Hong Kong to diversify may not be the simple answer it seems.

The city is notorious for development delays because of environmental planning issues, and currency fluctuations haven't always worked in developers' favor. Guangzhou R&F,  for example, bought a 116-acre site in Malaysia in December 2013 for 4.5 billion ringgit ($1.1 billion). Since then, the Southeast Asian nation's currency has dropped almost 20 percent against the yuan.

On the surface, buying the Hong Kong property dip might seem like a smart move. In reality, it could prove to be a misguided bet.

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of Bloomberg LP and its owners.

To contact the author of this story:
Nisha Gopalan in Hong Kong at ngopalan3@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story:
Katrina Nicholas at knicholas2@bloomberg.net