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#128 Michael Hartono $11.0B

Random fact: Djarum is named after the needle of a gramophone.

Overview

Hartono and his brother Budi are co-owners of Djarum Group, the producer of one out of every five cigarettes manufactured in Indonesia. The brothers are also the biggest shareholders in Bank Central Asia, Indonesia's largest bank. Bank Central Asia had revenue of 53.8 trillion Indonesian rupiah ($4 billion) in 2016.

As of July 27, 2017:
Last change +$94.1M (+0.9%)
YTD change +$2.03B (+22.6%)
Industry Diversified
Biggest asset BBCA IJ Equity
Citizenship Indonesia
Age 77
Wealth Inherited
View net worth over:   Max 1 year 1 quarter 1 month 1 week

Relative Value

Michael Hartono's net worth of $11.0B can buy ...

0
troy ounces of gold
0
barrels of crude oil

... and is equivalent to ...

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of the GDP of the United States
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of the total wealth of the 500 richest people in the world
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of the top 100 U.S. college endowments
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of the top 200 U.S. executives’ total awarded compensation
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of U.S. existing home sales
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times the median U.S. household income

Latest News

Net Worth Summary

Cash
Private asset
Public asset
Misc. liabilities
Confidence rating:

The majority of Hartono's fortune is derived from his 28 percent stake in publicly traded Bank Central Asia, Indonesia's biggest bank by market value, according to the company's website. The bank reported revenue of 53.8 trillion Indonesian rupiah ($4 billion) in 2016, according to a March 2017 corporate presentation. Hartono owns his stake through Indonesian holding company PT Dwimuria Investama Andalan, in which he has a 49 percent interest, according to the bank's 2016 annual report. 

He also owns 16 percent of Sarana Menara Nusantara, an operator of telecommunications towers, via Indonesia-based holding company PT Sapta Adhikari Investama, according to the company's 2017 first-quarter report. 

The billionaire is credited with half of Djarum. The company produced about 21.1 percent of the cigarettes sold in Indonesia in 2016, according to a January 2017 Mirae Asset Sekuritas Indonesia report. 

There is little public information about Djarum. It probably generated about $4.9 billion in revenue in 2016, based on trailing 12-month sales of its closest Indonesian competitor, Gudang Garam. The valuation is based on this revenue figure and the average enterprise value-to-Ebitda and price-to-earnings multiple of Gudang Garam, Indonesia's second-biggest listed cigarette producer. 

Mutiara Asmara, a spokeswoman for Djarum, did not respond to an e-mail inquiry about Hartono's net worth.

Biography

Birthdate: 10/2/1939
Family: Unmarried, No children

Father Oei Wie Gwan started cigarette maker Djarum's from a workshop in Kudus, Central Java, Indonesia, where he mixed tobacco with a clove spice native to the country. When not promoting and selling Djarum on the streets of Kudus, Oei would be rolling the cigarettes -- known as kretek for the crackling sound made by the burning scented spice -- on the workshop floor.

Fire almost destroyed the company's cigarette factory in 1963. Robert Budi Hartono and Michael Bambang Hartono took over the business after their father died that same year. They rebuilt and modernized Djarum, setting up a research and development center to create new kretek blends. The brothers began exporting their cigarettes in 1972. Today, about 60,000 workers at their factories in Kudus manually roll Djarum's kretek cigarettes, which are sold mostly to lower-income earners.

The brothers created their first machine-made kretek, the Djarum Filter in 1976. They introduced the machine-rolled Djarum Super, now one of the most popular brands in Indonesia, in 1981. Tobacco products are the No. 3 item in Indonesian food-related household spending after processed food and rice, according to government statistics. The world’s fifth-largest tobacco market by number of cigarettes sold, Indonesia is the only nation in Asia that hasn’t signed the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

The brothers joined Farallon Capital, a San Francisco-based hedge fund, to buy 51 percent of publicly traded Bank Central Asia, Indonesia's biggest financial services firm by market value, for $860 million in 2001. The stake was purchased through holding vehicle Farindo Investment. Farallon sold its remaining stake in the bank to the Hartonos in 2009.

The brothers also expanded into property in 2004, when they won the right to redevelop Hotel Indonesia and Hotel Wisata, which were located in the same complex in central Jakarta. They transformed the property into a shopping mall, office, luxury hotel and apartment complex called Grand Indonesia.

Milestones
  • 1951 Father Oei Wie Gwan sets up Djarum kretek factory.
  • 1963 Fire destroys most of the factory.
  • 1963 Brothers take over Djarum when father dies.
  • 1972 Begins exporting Djarum cigarettes.
  • 1981 Starts selling the machine-rolled Djarum Super.
  • 1986 Sets up Djarum Foundation.
  • 2004 Wins tender to redevelop hotel complex.
  • 2007 Brothers become biggest shareholder of Bank Central Asia.
  • 2009 Djarum clove cigarettes banned in the U.S.
  • 2010 Sarana Menara Nusantara sells shares.