Bloombergmarkets

BofA Judge Doesn't Want to Rip Up Scathing Ruling Against Bank

  • Settlement calls for dropping $45 million penalty against bank
  • Jurist was declared ‘Hero’ by Money magazine for being tough

A man walks past an automated teller machine (ATM) outside Bank of America Corp. headquarters in Charlotte, North Carolina, U.S., on Monday, May 2, 2016. Bank of America's revenue may decline 1 percent in 2016, similar to 2015, before growing 6-7 percent in 2016-17, based on a consensus of analysts in a Bloomberg Industries report published in April.

Photographer: Chris Keane/Bloomberg

A bankruptcy judge who spent 107 pages excoriating Bank of America Corp. over its “heartless” foreclosure on a California couple is not happy that the homeowners want him to erase his words.

The couple reached a private settlement with the bank that calls for rescinding both the $45 million penalty the judge imposed on the lender and the scathing ruling he issued in March -- for which Money magazine called him a “Hero Judge.”

“So you want me to take the injunction and tear it up and throw it out,” U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Christopher Klein asked during a hearing Wednesday in Sacramento. He then explained that if the opinion is vacated, it will be expunged from the annals of law and can’t be cited as a precedent in other foreclosure abuse cases.

As one of the couple’s lawyers explained to the judge that they were very grateful for what he’d done in the case and said that approving the settlement wouldn’t take away from the message in his ruling, the wife sat in the courtroom next to her husband and cried silently.

Klein sent attorneys for the couple and the bank to meet privately with another judge to discuss further revising the settlement. After they spent four hours behind closed doors, the judge announced there were some unresolved issues and that they’d try to wrap it up on Oct. 18.

The terms of the settlement are confidential, which has been a concern for a group of nonprofit consumer advocacy groups and five University of California law schools that were slated to receive $40 million in the award the judge issued in March. The couple, Erik and Renee Sundquist, stood to collect $5 million in punitive damages, plus about $1 million for their losses, including for emotional distress and their costs of suing Bank of America.

‘Hero’ Judge Urged by Couple to Nix $45 Million BofA Penalty

The Sundquists said in their Aug. 15 request to have the judgment thrown out and their lawsuit dismissed that it’s the only viable path for them to a meaningful recovery.

“It allows us to put an end to this nightmare that has permeated every aspect of our lives and that of our sons’ lives for so long," Erik Sundquist said in a court filing. "I cannot even begin to articulate how important it is to me as a husband and a father to end this phase of our life and go forward."

Their attorney, James Stang, told the judge the proposed settlement provides “substantially more” than the $6 million than the family would get from the court’s ruling. “The Sundquists are getting a lot more,” he said later.

Klein, who in ruling described the Sundquists’ ordeal as a “Kafkaesque nightmare,” said in court he understood they wanted to reach a final settlement of the case, but noted that this could be done without him tossing his decision.

“We are about 10 years down the road and they have a powerful wish to be done with it,” he said.

The nonprofits recommended in court filings that the settlement’s terms be made public, in part to see if it includes any acknowledgment of wrongdoing by the bank and a commitment to avoid similar misconduct. The groups also urged the judge not to vacate his March 23 opinion.

National Consumer Law Center lawyer Roger Heller told the judge told the judge the opinion will have a “deterrent” effect to curb misconduct by other banks.

In the opinion, Klein faulted Bank of America for "institutional obstinance and dishonesty" and said its actions smacked of "cynical disregard for the law."

"In the calculus of reprehensibility, Bank of America’s intentional conduct adds up to reckless and callous disregard for the rights of others," Klein wrote.

The judge also said the the size of the punitive damages award against Bank of America was meant to “not be laughed off in the boardroom.”

The case is Sundquist v. Bank of America Corp., 14-02278, U.S. Bankruptcy Court, Eastern District of California (Sacramento).

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