Iran Nuclear Deal Is a Good First Step: Maller

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Nov. 25 (Bloomberg) -- Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer, New America Foundation's Tara Maller and Bloomberg Contributing Editor Richard Falkenrath discuss why the Middle East does not trust Iran and how the nuclear deal impacts relations between the U.S. and Iran. They speak on Bloomberg Television’s “Street Smart.” (Source: Bloomberg)

Now onto the big story, historic aggression nations.

Some of the world's most powerful -- -- reach a deal.

Today the diplomacy reached up -- "new path to a world that is more secure, a future in which we can verify that the nuclear program is peaceful and cannot build a nuclear weapons.

After months of stop, -- talks they will set limits on exchange for $7 billion in sanctions relief that will take ways over the next six months.

Of this, some of it is oil revenue frozen and foreign banks.

This is only a temporary fix.

What will it take to reach a final agreement and freeze ambitions for good?

We want to bring in the panel of experts.

New america foundation research fellow and richard falcon wrath, principal at the chertoff group.

Does this go far enough?

It is the first step.

If it was the end of the story, absolutely no.

The whole premise of the agreement is a ron -- iran will later agreed to go even further in limiting the nuclear program and over time some of the more substantial economic sanctions will be relieved.

It is up to the iranian regime to decide how they will handle things now.

The iranian community has the unanimous front in dealing with iran which was not the case a couple of years ago.

They get a little bit of release , but the ball is in their court.

Is it worth it to them, to reach some kind of a deal because the sanctions have been that tough?

Absolutely.

The perfect deal with the time being.

34 years of not talking.

Sanctions that have reached their breaking point.

We have seen talks that have reached an interim agreement that set forth unprecedented access to inspect sites we have not been able to inspect.

There are still a lot of sanctions in place.

Billions of dollars will still be lost to the economy.

It is a good first step in a series of negotiations that have brought it to this point.

I think it is a success for the administration.

What does it mean for the region as a whole instability there?

No question it is a win in terms of not dealing with rotter proliferation.

If they would continue, it would lead the saudis to do so as well.

The same with serious backing off chemical weapons.

That is positive.

It is still a regime.

Still a country that has exported and supported the export terrorism.

It has provided military support and economic support for hezbollah and this.

Regime for assad.

And if you think why it is they have been so opposed to killing saudis and others have been so weak and tepid in what is clearly a the chromatic rate through, it is precisely because they live in a neighborhood where iran is only one of a great many about the regime, and going forward, they will not have nukes but will be stronger in the region.

That is a problem for all of these guys.

Effectively, it takes the u.s. farther from the region.

Is certainly does.

Even though the united states has not been talking about the visit to asia since hillary clinton and campbell left administration several years ago, the united states under obama has been doing everything possible to steer clear of the middle east.

We of seen up on serious, libya, iraq.

Only in israel , palestine is the one place where the united states is trying to brag -- embrace a more active united states role.

The major challenge is going forward some overwhelmingly dealing with china and asia more broadly.

Also where the economic opportunities are.

Americanized allies -- america's allies understand that very well.

The administration has talked about in the past a pivot to asia.

The fact is the most pressing immediate crises are in this middle east.

Asia represents a longer-term perspective, long-term challenge and opportunity.

We have day in and day out constant crises.

, national security point, one would argue the middle east.

We are stuck there.

Look at where centcom is.

The largest military command is preoccupied with this.

This problem has been one of the most intractable problems in global politics for three decades almost.

It is hard to look at it in say it is not a breakthrough.

It is not going to change the date.

I think it is up -- an appropriate response or a new town following the election, but this is the first step.

A lot more stable have to do to reenter and reengage the global economy.

You wrote your dissertation on the nexis, coming together of diplomacy and sanctions.

What was the thrust of your thesis?

Absolutely, basically the case we just saw happen with the argument is that diplomacy is not countered to punitive measures but actually falters.

When you look historically, one hundred u.s. episodes, the separation of sanctions where the united they've has strong diplomatic negotiations.

That bolsters the success.

It gives you better intelligence, led to calibrate policies.

I would even argue the israelis should want diplomacy because it will get them better intel.

Israel is not happy with this?

They are not happy with it.

There are reasons not to trust.

This deal means we should have strong verification measures so we can see if they should be trusted.

Without a deal in place, we will not have access to see if they should be trusted.

You are a consultant in new york city to a police -- to the police force on security issues.

How reasonable is it to think the u.n., a group of inspectors can go in and everyday monitor what is going on and on the ground?

That is doable.

They can set of video monitors to monastery things.

If they have access, they have the wherewithal to monitor compliance within a specific set . the hard part is areas they do not have access.

We learned this in the hard way with an agreement to north korea.

1994. they made certain commitments related to reactor in secretly built an enrichment plant in the hills where the inspectors never were.

That is a nightmare scenario.

That is a possibility here that we need to watch out for.

Probably mistrust and verify.

Good to have you here.

Coming up on the big change in

This text has been automatically generated. It may not be 100% accurate.

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