No. 11 Biggest Shadow Economy: Zambia


No. 11 Biggest Shadow Economy: Zambia

Percent of GDP in Shadow Economy: 54.3
Official GDP: $18.5 billion

Population: 12,056,923*
Labor Force by Occupation:
Agriculture: 85 percent
Industry: 6 percent
Services: 9 percent (2009 est.)

Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture

Exports: copper/cobalt 64 percent, cobalt, electricity, tobacco, flowers, cotton

*Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.