Photograph by Jorge Saenz/AP Photo
Water and Hydroelectric Power
Water is one of Brazil's greatest resources. It irrigates the crops, feeds the livestock, nourishes the rainforests and powers the cities. The country is rich with it, holding 12 percent of the earth's surface water and more than half of South America's fresh water.
The Itaipu dam is the world's second-largest hydroelectric power producer. It divides the Parana River along the border of Brazil, right, and Paraguay, left. The dam provides about 20 percent of Brazil's electricity and was the largest producer of electricity in the world before China built its Three Gorges dam.
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