Top 20 Most Innovative States

By Bloomberg Rankings - 2013-12-19T02:42:33Z

Photograph by SOPA/eStock Photo

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17. Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania ranked as the 17th most innovative state, based on these factors:

STEM professionals as a percentage of state population:

1.91%

Science and tech degree holders as a percentage of state population:

7.01%

Utility patents granted as a percentage of U.S. total:

2.88%

State government R&D spending as a percentage of U.S. total:

5.06%

Gross state product per employed person:

$85,582

Three-year change in productivity:

1.53%

Public tech companies as a percentage of all public companies based in the state:

12.72%

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