Photograph by Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg
The scandal broke in July 2011, when it was revealed that Rupert Murdoch's News of the World tabloid had hacked cell phone voicemail messages of Milly Dowler, a missing British child who was later found murdered. U.K. Prime Minister David Cameron launched a public inquiry and the investigation revealed additional instances of illegal hacking by the newspaper. Facing public backlash, News Corp. closed News of the World and Murdoch withdrew the company's bid for BSkyB's Sky News channel. Later that summer, the U.S. FBI launched an investigation into allegations that News Corp. had tried to hack the mobile phones of September 11 victims. In April 2012, Murdoch apologized and suggested there had been a cover-up within News of the World to hide the extent of the hacking from top executives.