From Prisoner to President: The World-Changing Work of Nelson Mandela

By Felix Kessler. Images Edited By Bloomberg Photos. - 2013-12-05T23:27:21Z

Photograph by Walter Dhladhla/AFP via Getty Images

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Mandela's conversion from non-violent politics to advocating armed struggle was sparked by the 1960 police massacre of 69 people in Sharpeville who were protesting laws requiring non-whites to carry internal passports.

Left, Mandela, in a traditional leopard-skin outfit, releases a white dove at a rally commemorating the massacre, in Sharpeville, South Africa, on March 21, 1994.