Israel Chemicals Ltd. operates as a specialty minerals company. The company’s segments include Fertilizers; Industrial Products; and Performance Products. In addition, the company has other operations that include water desalination and magnesium manufacturing. Fertilizers This segment develops, manufactures, markets and sells fertilizers that are based primarily on potash (potassium chloride) and phosphate. The company sells phosphorus-based and potassium-based products. The main products of the company’s Fertilizers segment are potash, fertilizers and phosphates, including specialty fertilizers. Potash: The company sells potash for direct application as a fertilizer and to compound fertilizer manufacturers. Its Fertilizers segment also uses potash for its own production of compound fertilizers, based mainly on phosphate and potash. The company’s Fertilizers segment produces potash from the Dead Sea and from underground mines in Spain and the United Kingdom. The potash production process in Israel is based on extracting carnallite in a chemical process. The carnallite, which is a compound of potassium chloride and magnesium chloride, precipitates in some of the major solar evaporation ponds in the world, which contain brines drawn from the Dead Sea. The carnallite containing salt is transferred to the plants where a chemical process breaks down the carnallite crystal into potash using two distinct parallel technologies (hot and cold crystallization). Extraction of potash from underground mines in Spain and the United Kingdom is carried out by mining sylvinite (a mixture of potash and salt with varying potash concentrations. The potash is separated from the salt in production plants situated near the mines. The company also produces polysulphate (also known as polyhalite), which is a mineral used in its natural form as fertilizer for agriculture, fertilizer for organic agriculture and a raw material for production of specialty fertilizers. Polysulphate is composed of sulfur, potash, calcium and magnesium, which are essential components for improvement of crops and agricultural products. Phosphates and Specialty Fertilizers: Phosphorus is also one of the three essential nutrients for plant development, which directly contributes to a range of physiological processes in a plant, including production of sugars (including starch), photosynthesis and energy transfer. Phosphorus strengthens plant stems, stimulates root development, promotes flower formation and accelerates crop development. The main products in this area are: phosphate rock, phosphoric acid and fertilizers. In 2015, the company completed establishment of the joint venture with Yunnan Phosphate Chemicals, the producer of phosphates in China. The joint manufacturing platform is of global dimensions and includes activities along the entire value chain – commencing from mining of phosphate rock and production of fertilizers in bulk and running up to phosphate-based specialty products for applications in the food and compound materials markets. The company’s Fertilizers segment mines phosphate rock from open-pit mines – three of which are located in the Negev Desert in Israel while the fourth is situated in the Yunnan district in China. The policy of the company’s Fertilizers segment is to use most of the phosphate rock it produces to manufacture downstream products. The company’s Fertilizers segment produces fertilizer-grade phosphoric acid, phosphate fertilizers, compound fertilizers and specialty fertilizers at its facilities in Israel and in China. Furthermore, the company’s Fertilizers segment also has facilities for the production of phosphate fertilizers and specialty compound fertilizers in the Netherlands, Germany, the United States, Spain, India and Belgium, as well as animal feed additives facilities in Turkey and in Israel. In 2015, the company sold its share in the partnership in India for the production of soluble NPK fertilizers. In addition to phosphate rock, phosphoric acid production also requires significant quantities of sulfur, which its Fertilizers segment purchases from third parties. Some of the compound ferti
israel chemicals ltd (ICL:Tel Aviv)
23 Aranha Street
Tel Aviv, 61070
Phone: 972 3 684 4400
Fax: 972 3 684 4444www.icl-group.com
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