Why John Kasich’s Presence in the Ohio Debate Might Be Awkward for Opponents

As GOP candidates move to the right for the primary, his sometimes moderate politics are popular in his home state.

Debate Preview: Who’s Got the Most at Stake?

Even before he managed to snag a spot in Thursday’s Republican presidential debate, Ohio Governor John Kasich has argued that he’s the person best suited to win his home state in the general election. Based on how his state has responded to his moderate stances on issues like Medicaid, he may have a point, and the debate in his home state may help heighten that contrast.

Over the years, the governor has developed a reputation as a moderate (or a RINO, as conservative critics have labeled him) for his willingness to work with Democrats on immigration reform, his support of Common Core (he’s called conservative opposition to the national education standards “hysteria”), and, most controversially, his state’s acceptance of the Obamacare Medicaid expansion. Kasich’s presence at Thursday's debate in Cleveland serves as a reminder that the GOP’s best chance for winning the bellwether state might be found in the moderate stances candidates tend to take during the general election, and Kasich has taken his share. 

When the Republican legislature declined to accept the Medicaid expansion, Kasich lobbied the state’s Controlling Board, a panel made up of six lawmakers and an administration official. By November 2014 450,000 newly eligible Ohio residents enrolled in the government-run program.

Kasich has defended the expansion as a moral responsibility, once arguing that when he dies and goes to heaven St. Peter wouldn’t ask him about what he did to keep government small, but about what he did to help the poor. 

Republicans have been critical of Kasich, and other governors who supported the expansion. Fellow governor and presidential candidate Bobby Jindal, of Louisiana, accused Kasich of hiding behind his faith. Governors Scott Walker of Wisconsin, Rick Perry of Texas, and Jindal all rejected the expansion. Former Florida Governor Jeb Bush was also opposed to the expansion in Florida. New Jersey Governor Chris Christie is the only other candidate who will be on stage who expanded Medicaid—he recently defended the decision as being “what was best for the state of New Jersey.” Kentucky Senator Rand Paul criticized Christie’s decision, calling it “very expensive and not fiscally conservative.”

And while the Medicaid expansion is often mentioned as a liability for Kasich’s presidential campaign, the residents in his state largely approved of his efforts. A November 2013 Quinnipac poll found1 that 51 percent of Ohio voters supported expanding Medicaid, compared to 41 percent of voters who did not. Of course, that support came primarily from Democrats and independents—only 28 percent of Republicans supported the expansion, and 23 percent of all voters said the move would make them less likely to vote for Kasich’s re-election.

“Because of Kasich’s Medicaid expansion, 24 percent of Republicans say they are less likely to vote for him,” Peter A. Brown, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Polling Institute said at the time. "History tells us, however, that many of those alienated party members come home on Election Day because they find the other candidates less palatable.” 

Two years later, Kasich remains competitive in the state as a candidate. A June 17 Quinnipac poll found that Kasich would beat Hillary Clinton in the state by seven points, or 47 percent to 40 percent (the poll’s margin of error in Ohio was ±2.8 percentage points). Seventy percent of those polled in Ohio said Kasich had strong leadership skills and 58 percent said he “cares about their needs and problems.”

A poll from the left-leaning Public Policy Polling group from a week earlier produced a similar result—Kasich would beat Clinton in the state, and he had a 72 percent job approval rating among Republicans.

“Republicans in John Kasich’s home state support him for President,” said Dean Debnam, President of Public Policy Polling, said in a press release. “That’s more than a lot of the GOP hopefuls can say in their home states.”

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  1. 1 From Quinnipac: “From November 19 - 24 [2013], Quinnipiac University surveyed 1,361 registered voters with a margin of error of +/- 2.7 percentage points. Live interviewers call land lines and cell phones.”