Treaty Disputes Roiled by Bias Charges Amid Perceived Conflicts

Treaty Disputes Roiled by Bias Charges Amid Perceived Conflicts

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Pedestrians walk by the World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C. World Bank rules say an arbitrator must be “relied upon to exercise independent judgment,” and those issued by the UN say arbitrators should disclose circumstances that might “give rise to justifiable doubts” about their impartiality or independence.