Sports Participants as a Share of Students

Sports Participants as a Share of Students

Stevenson Betsey “Beyond the Classroom: Using Title IX to Measure the Return to High School Sports,” Review of Economics and Statistics, May 2010, 92 (2): 284-301

Sports Participants as a Share of Students Note: Participation numbers are given by the National Federation of High Schools (Athletic Participation Survey). A participant is a varsity sport team member. (Individual students may be counted more than once if they play on multiple teams.) The participation rate is the sum of total team memberships in a year, divided by total high school enrollment given by the National Center for Education Statistics with gender ratios imputed from the 1990 Census of Population.