Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a former mayor of the Iranian capital himself, beat former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani in June 2005 by mobilizing support through the country’s mosques and calling for a better distribution of wealth in the energy-rich country.