Former U.S. House Majority Leader Tom DeLay

Former U.S. House Majority Leader Tom DeLay

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One of the most notable partisan battles over redistricting occurred in Texas in 2003, when former U.S. House Majority Leader Tom DeLay, engineered a rare mid-decade remap that so angered Democratic state legislators that most of them fled to Ardmore, Oklahoma, and Albuquerque, New Mexico, to prevent a quorum needed to pass the plan.