Former Defense Chief Nikolai Makarov

Former Defense Chief Nikolai Makarov

Alexander Nemenov/AFP/Getty Images

Former defense chief Nikolai Makarov, who reduced military personnel by 300,000 to about a million and cut the officer corps by almost 40 percent, had set the goal of increasing sevenfold the ratio of “state-of-the-art” equipment in Russia’s arsenal by 2020, including by buying foreign weapons.