Sony’s TV Business: Like Chrysler? Or Oldsmobile?
Sony Corp. (6758) Chief Executive Officer Kazuo Hirai is treating his TV unit like another Chrysler Group LLC: An ailing business that can be revived with sufficient cash. Investors say it’s more like General Motors Corp. (GM)’s Oldsmobile, better shuttered than saved.
Hirai has pledged to make profits at the TV unit by March 2014 after losing 692 billion yen ($8.7 billion) in the past eight years. He cut the number of models and ended a panel-making venture as part of his turnaround plan. Investors say it’s too much effort for too little return.
“Sony would be better off without the TV business,” said Tetsuro Ii, president of Commons Asset Management Inc. in Tokyo, which owns no Sony shares. Investors, he said, “are hoping the company won’t end up becoming like GM,” and he will only buy its stock when Sony “shows the competitive advantage it used to have over global peers.”
Sony will lose 80 billion yen on TVs this year, the company said in August as it cut the sales target to 15.5 million units from 17.5 million. Struggles with the unit have contributed to four consecutive annual losses for Sony and a 92 percent plunge in its market value since a peak about 12 years ago.
It will take another three years of losses, totaling 127 billion yen, before TVs become profitable again, according to the average of four estimates compiled by Bloomberg.
Competitor Panasonic Corp. (005930) today projected a loss 30 times bigger than analyst estimates because of falling demand and restructuring costs. Japan’s second-biggest TV maker cut its sales target for the year to 13 million units from 15.5 million units while forecasting a full-year loss of 765 billion yen.
Sony, due to report second-quarter earnings Nov. 1, was downgraded twice this year by Moody’s Investors Service and Standard & Poor’s. Both ratings companies have questioned whether Sony can ever recover in the TV market.
Hirai, who took over from Howard Stringer in April, has slashed the number of Bravia models in the U.S. to 22 from 40 to cut costs. He also ended a partnership with Sharp Corp. (6753) for making liquid-crystal display TV panels, and last year Sony exited a similar venture with Samsung Electronics Co. The Tokyo-based company says terminating the ventures will save more than 50 billion yen annually because it will be able to get better prices buying panels on the open market rather than from its partners.
“It would certainly be positive if Sony could turn around the TV business,” said Yoshihiro Okumura, a general manager at Chiba-Gin Asset Management Co. “But it’s still not clear what product the company can count on to drive its earnings.”
Within two weeks of taking the helm, Hirai spelled out his three “core business” priorities: mobile devices, games and digital imaging -- and not TVs. He vowed “painful cost cuts” and announced plans to eliminate 10,000 workers, or about 6 percent of the workforce.
That doesn’t mean Hirai plans to close down TVs. Sony and Panasonic announced a partnership in June to develop sets using organic light-emitting diode, or OLED, technology that can be as thin as 4 millimeters (0.16 inches) and produce images 200 times sharper than current LCD models.
“Sony has a very deep DNA in creating the best picture and the best sound,” Hirai, 51, said Oct. 2 at an industry exhibition near Tokyo.
The troubles at Sony -- with an empire that spans manufacturing, music and movie production, and insurance -- mirror those of Detroit’s carmakers.
Burdened with too much manufacturing capacity and too few customers, GM killed off Oldsmobile, Saturn and Pontiac before it returned to health with U.S. government support.
Oldsmobile’s share of the American market slid to 1.7 percent in 2000, the year GM announced it was ending the brand (BRND), from 2.6 percent in 1995, according to researcher Autodata Corp. Closing the brand cost GM $939 million, according to a filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Chrysler, which also got a government bailout and is now controlled by Fiat SpA (F), plans to raise its full-year profit outlook as the U.S. market is on track to rebound to its best year since 2007.
U.S. car companies “were producing so many cars, so many brands, that they became meaningless,” said Sohrab Vossoughi, founder of Ziba.com, a design consultant in Portland, Ore., whose clients have included Samsung, Sony, Panasonic and LG Electronics Inc. (066570) “What does GM mean to a consumer? ... The same thing has happened to Japan.”
Sony, Panasonic and Sharp -- once symbols of Japan’s dominance in electronics -- have lost ground in TVs, phones and tablet computers to competitors such as Apple Inc. (AAPL), Samsung and LG. The Japanese trio posted a combined 1.6 trillion-yen loss last year as a decline in global TV shipments and a stronger yen hurt sales.
Having the most advanced technology -- once a key strength of the Japanese companies -- matters less now. Consumers are increasingly paying attention to content and apps rather than hardware specifications.
“Sony hasn’t really put its words into action,” said Ichiro Takamatsu, a fund manager at Tokyo-based Bayview Asset Management. “I can’t really trust anything until I see results.”
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