Iceland Keeps Main Rate Unchanged as Inflation Seen Receding
Iceland’s central bank kept its main interest rate unchanged for a second meeting amid an outlook the krona will stabilize and inflation slow as the country emerges from its economic collapse.
The seven-day collateral lending rate was kept unchanged at 5.75 percent, Reykjavik-based Sedlabanki said today.
“Inflation has been somewhat lower than was forecast in August,” the bank said in a statement. “On the other hand, the krona is weaker than was assumed at that time, and the near-term exchange rate outlook is quite uncertain. On balance, the inflation outlook has not changed significantly since the MPC’s last meeting. Inflation expectations remain above the Bank’s inflation target, although they have declined slightly by some measures.”
The bank has raised rates five times since August last year to cool inflation as it struggles to lift capital controls in place since the economic collapse in 2008. While suffering a slump in August, the krona has risen about 5 percent since April after the country closed a loophole in its controls, which are blocking as much as $8 billion in offshore krona assets from being sold, according to estimates by Arion Banki hf.
The bank forecast in August that inflation will average 5.4 percent this year and slow to 3.4 percent next year and 3 percent in 2013, compared with its 2.5 percent target. Gross domestic product will expand 3.1 percent in 2012, 2.2 percent next year and 3.4 percent in 2014, the bank said then.
Annual inflation was 4.3 percent in September after reaching a 12-month low of 4.1 percent in August. A weaker currency pushes up the cost of imports for the north Atlantic island, which targets an inflation rate of 2.5 percent.
Iceland, whose banks defaulted on $85 billion in 2008, completed a 33-month IMF program in August last year. The outlook for the country’s $13 billion economy is “good” and this year the island is likely to “broadly” repeat an economic growth rate of 2.6 percent achieved in 2011, the Washington- based lender said last month.
A working group consisting of members from the IMF, the European Commission, the European Central Bank and Icelandic officials is due to deliver an interim report on the options for removing the capital controls by year-end, the Finance Ministry said on Sept. 25.
Iceland started European Union accession talks in 2010 and the government has said it targets euro adoption as soon as possible after joining the bloc. A poll by newspaper Morgunbladid published Aug. 13 showed that 39 of the 63 lawmakers in parliament oppose continuing talks and may push the legislature to address the option of dropping membership preparations before elections next year.
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