Dennis Gabor’s invention of holography in the 1940s earned the physicist a Nobel prize. Development of the laser popularized holograms starting in the ’60s. Yet, much of what passes as holography—including the recent Tupac resurrection—is actually a centuries-old optical trick known as Pepper’s ghost. Pictured, Hungarian-born British physicist Professor Dennis Gabor (left) receives the 1971 Nobel Prize for Physics from King Gustav Adolf of Sweden.
Photograph by Keystone/Getty Images
A hologram of a hand reaching out of a store window at the Cartier Fifth Avenue flagship captivates passersby.
Princess Leia (1977)
Presaging the videoconference, Princess Leia appeals to Obi-Wan Kenobi via hologram in Star Wars.
Photograph by Mary Evans/Ronald Grant/Everett Collection
National Geographic (1984)
National Geographic becomes the first mass circulation publication to put a hologram on its cover.
Alexander McQueen (2006)
Designer Alexander McQueen caps his fall fashion show with a hologram of model Kate Moss.
During election-night coverage, CNN “beams up” on-location correspondent Jessica Yellin into its studio.
Tupac Shakur (2012)
Deceased rapper Tupac Shakur materializes on stage at the Coachella outdoor music festival.