- Danish money manager moves to underweight on Eskom debt
- Sees issues around lending, governance amid Gordhan-Zuma spat
Denmark’s Jyske Bank AS became the second money manager to say it won’t lend to South Africa’s Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd.’s after the nation’s biggest specialist fixed-income manager said it had stopped extending credit to state-owned companies amid concern about their governance.
“We pulled the plug on Eskom too yesterday,” Rune Hejrskov, senior money manager at the Silkeborg, Denmark-based company said Thursday in e-mailed comments. “I could easily see more lenders follow suit. We see issues on lending going forward and more governance issues.”
Hejrskov, who helps manage about $1.3 billion at Jyske Bank, said he moved to being underweight in power company Eskom’s bonds from mediumweight. Futuregrowth, with $11.7 billion in assets, told Bloomberg Wednesday it shelved plans to lend more than 1.8 billion rand ($123 million) to three state companies this week, citing concerns about how they are being run. Other South African fund managers including Sasfin Asset Managers Ltd. and Aeon Investment Management Ltd. expressed support for Futuregrowth, while stopping short of saying they won’t lend to state-owned enterprises.
Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan has been at loggerheads with President Jacob Zuma over the minister’s calling for the firing of the nation’s tax chief for insubordination and the replacement of the board of the unprofitable state airline. The Treasury has also clashed with Eskom about its efforts to review coal-supply contracts with a company linked to the Gupta family, who are friends with Zuma and in business with his son. Questions over governance at Eskom may increase, said Hejrskov.
“I see no other way, with the discord between Zuma and Finance Minister Gordhan, more and more governance issues showing up,” and the “Gupta family having a much larger influence than previously expected,” he said.
Eskom and Transnet SOC Ltd., the state-owned ports and rail operator, are credible and reliable borrowers who have received unqualified audit reports, Public Enterprises Minister Lynne Brown said in an e-mailed statement.
“I urge current and potential future investors to directly engage with me and the state-owned companies about any matter of concern in regard to their investments,” she said.
Yields on Eskom’s $1.25 billion of bonds maturing in 2025, which jumped by the most since February on Wednesday, dropped 3 basis points to 7.19 percent by 4:19 p.m. in Johannesburg.
“We strongly support the sentiments by Futuregrowth,” Philip Bradford, head of fund management at Sasfin, said by phone from Johannesburg on Thursday. “What it will do is raise the issue with government, with National Treasury and with the SOEs, and raise the fact that governance is incredibly important when buying bonds and other investments for our clients.”
The government said last week that Zuma will lead a new panel to oversee all state-owned companies to ensure they help develop the country, a role previously delegated to Gordhan and other ministers. Gordhan has refused a request to report to police for questioning as part of an investigation by a special unit into alleged irregularities at the South African Revenue Service, which he ran from 1999 to 2009. While Gordhan has denied any wrongdoing, there is speculation he may be arrested and removed from his post.
“More asset managers should be doing that, coming out quite clearly. ” Asief Mohamed, who helps manage 3 billion rand in mostly equity funds as chief investment officer at Aeon, said from Cape Town. “From a long-term investment perspective, if you have these corporate governance lapses, the credit quality of the underlying entity, whether its a parastatal or private-sector company, most likely will deteriorate.”
Old Mutual Plc, South Africa’s biggest private money manager and owner of Futuregrowth, said the unit’s decision did not represent the broader views of the company.
“We respect the independence that fund managers need to deliver investment performance for clients and believe that a more constructive model of engagement is needed and necessary to build and increase socio-economic development and drive financial inclusion in our country,” Ralph Mupita, the chief executive officer of Old Mutual’s Emerging Markets unit, said by e-mail. “Old Mutual remains committed to our existing commercial relationships and public-private partnerships with state-owned enterprises.”
The ruling African National Congress said it was concerned by Futuregrowth’s actions, and that the generalization that state-owned companies were beset by corporate governance challenges was erroneous and unfortunate.
“Where there are challenges, these have been identified and, amongst others, interventions made to strengthen these institutions,” the party said in a statement. “We believe that Futuregrowth, or any other investor, should await the outcome of these interventions before taking any preemptive stance.”