Alaska Air Said Near Accord to Buy Branson's Virgin America

Alaska Air to Buy Virgin America in $4 Billion Deal
  • Deal could face regulatory scrutiny after wave of combinations
  • JetBlue Airways was said to be other competitor in bidding

Alaska Air Group Inc. is close to buying Virgin America Inc., the carrier backed by billionaire Richard Branson, according to people with knowledge of the matter.

While negotiations are advanced, the deal could still fall apart and a last-minute bid from JetBlue Airways Corp. may be possible, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the details aren’t public. JetBlue and Alaska Air made offers after Virgin America put itself up for sale, people familiar with the matter said last week.

Richard Branson
Richard Branson
Photographer: Andy Cross/The Denver Post via Getty Images

The combination would extend a consolidation wave that began in 2005 and eventually swept up five of the 10 biggest U.S. carriers. Four operators -- American Airlines Group Inc., United Continental Holdings Inc., Delta Air Lines Inc. and Southwest Airlines Co. -- now control 80 percent of the U.S. market. A second tier includes JetBlue, Alaska and Virgin America, plus a group of ultra-discounters, such as Spirit Airlines Inc.

Alaska Air won the bidding with a cash offer of about $2.5 billion, the Wall Street Journal reported Sunday, citing people familiar with the matter. Virgin America’s market value was $1.37 billion as of March 22, a day before Bloomberg News reported that the Burlingame, California-based company was reaching out to potential buyers. Branson’s fund, which is known as VX Holdings, and Cyrus Capital Partners own 54 percent of Virgin America, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

Even with a runup in Virgin America’s value to $1.47 billion as of April 1, Alaska Air’s $10.2 billion dwarfs that figure. Adding the smaller carrier would let Seattle-based Alaska bulk up its West Coast network, folding in Virgin America operations that include the region’s two biggest business centers, Los Angeles and San Francisco.

Size Rankings

While a combined Alaska-Virgin America wouldn’t affect the size rankings at the top of the U.S. industry, the new carrier would surpass JetBlue for fifth place, based on passenger traffic. Alaska is now No. 6, and Virgin America is No. 12, according to the U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. American is No. 1.

“Alaska wants a little more heft on the West Coast” and through Virgin America would gain slots in Los Angeles and San Francisco as well as Washington, D.C., and New York, meaning more transcontinental routes, said George Ferguson, senior analyst for aerospace and airlines at Bloomberg Intelligence.

Regulatory scrutiny may be heavy, in light of U.S. Justice Department challenges to the 2013 merger of American Airlines and US Airways -- the industry’s last tie-up -- and a proposed swap of takeoff and landing rights between Delta and United at New Jersey’s Newark Liberty International Airport.

Virgin America began flying in 2007, letting Branson achieve his goal of expanding the Virgin brand into the world’s largest air-travel market. Getting there wasn’t easy.

Concerned that Branson’s status as a U.K. citizen would give a foreigner too much say in a U.S. airline, regulators required Virgin Group to give up a board seat, put its stake under a trustee and name a new chief executive officer before letting Virgin America begin flights. The carrier hired David Cush away from American for the job.

An acquisition would add about 15 percent to Alaska Air’s earnings per share, according to Darryl Genovesi, a UBS Group AG analyst. That’s based on issuing $2 billion in debt to cover Virgin America’s market value of about $1.7 billion, plus $300 million in debt and $500 million in the seller’s cash going to Alaska Air.

Branson’s Profile

Virgin America has used Branson’s high profile to gain attention when it adds service to new cities, as it did recently with Denver, and when lobbying to gain airport space, as it did at Dallas Love Field. That connection carried over into the nurturing of Virgin America’s boutique airline brand, leaving Alaska with the challenge of whether to dismantle that creation.

Virgin America serves just 24 cities in the U.S. and Mexico and offers a comparatively high level of service and relatively low fares. U.S. carriers typically have failed in efforts to operate a so-called airline-within-an-airline.

Ferguson, the Bloomberg Intelligence analyst, said he expects Alaska Air won’t want to keep the Virgin brand up and running because of the larger airline’s own “strong brand and good product.”

“This is not a Virgin brand story -- it’s an airport hub story,” he said. Besides its hometown base in Seattle, Alaska Air has hubs in Portland, Oregon, and Anchorage, Alaska.

The combination might help fend off Delta’s expansion in Seattle, where Alaska Air carried more than half of the passengers in 2015, split between the main jet operations of Alaska Airlines and the turboprops of the company’s Horizon unit. Delta has established a West Coast hub and jumping-off point to Asia and wants to almost triple the number of gates it holds, to 30. Excluding regional partners, Delta had about 13 percent of the travelers there last year, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.

Alaska Air also probably would retire Virgin’s Airbus fleet to keep an all-Boeing Co. 737 fleet, and could do so with little trouble, Ferguson said. Out of Virgin’s 60 aircraft, 51 are leased, with most expiring 2023, according to Bloomberg Intelligence.

The Wall Street Journal first reported on the deal’s progress on Saturday.

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