Sheldon Adelson has overcome a rocky start to 2016 to add $2.8 billion to his fortune, more than anyone else on the Bloomberg Billionaires Indexthis year. The 82-year-old is the largest shareholder in Las Vegas Sands Corp., which runs the biggest casino in Macau. Shares have risen 16 percent this year amid expectations its Sands China division is poised to reverse six quarters of slumping revenue.

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