Bye Bye, Fuel Surcharge: Holidays in Japan Could Get Cheaper

People Enjoy Full Bloom Cherry Blossom In Himeji

Tourists take a traditional boat ride as they enjoy cherry blossoms in full bloom at Himeji Castle Lake in Japan. Airlines are cutting fuel surcharges as oil prices slump amid China’s economic slowdown and an expected bump in supply as Iran sanctions are lifted.

Photographer: Buddhika Weerasinghe/Getty Images
  • ANA and Japan Airlines introduced fuel surcharges in 2005
  • West Texas Intermediate fell Monday to lowest level since 2003

Japan’s airlines are set to remove fuel surcharges with oil trading around a 12-year low, ending a decade of high jet kerosene costs that had added as much as 66,000 yen ($563) to the price of a round-trip ticket to the U.S. or Europe.

The current price of Singapore kerosene is below the minimum level for adding surcharges, Hiroshi Hasegawa and Osuke Itazaki, analysts in Tokyo at SMBC Nikko Securities Inc., wrote in a Jan. 15 report. Singapore kerosene was at $35.22 as of 4:24 p.m. Monday.

Airlines are cutting fuel surcharges as oil prices slump amid China’s economic slowdown and an expected bump in supply as Iran sanctions are lifted. The surge in prices since 2004 had turned fuel into airlines’ single largest cost.

“With Singapore kerosene prices breaking significantly below the lower bound of the fuel surcharge table, we think airlines could enjoy major earnings advantages if fuel prices remain at current levels,” Hasegawa and Itazaki wrote in the report.

Kerosene Threshold

ANA Holdings Inc., which operates Japan’s largest airline, says on its website that if the two-month average of Singapore kerosene-type jet fuel falls below 6,000 yen for flights originating from Japan, or below $60 for flights originating elsewhere, then it won’t collect a fuel surcharge. Japan Airlines Co. sets the same limits, according to its website. 

Maho Ito, a spokeswoman for ANA, said by telephone that the carrier will announce any changes to its fuel surcharges on flights from Japan around the middle of next month, to take effect from April. The carrier already eliminated surcharges on flights originating overseas in December, she said. 

Japan Airlines, which also removed fuel surcharges from outside Japan in December, is reviewing the fees, Yusuke Yabumoto, a spokesman for the carrier, said by telephone in Tokyo.

Shares of ANA closed down 0.3 percent Monday at 336.1 yen in Tokyo, compared to the 1 percent decline in the benchmark Topix index. Japan Airlines rose 0.2 percent to 4,357 yen.

The carriers introduced fuel surcharges in February 2005 as oil prices surged, eventually peaking at $145.45 in 2008. West Texas Intermediate oil slumped to $28.36 a barrel Monday, its lowest level since 2003.

Playing Catch-up

If Japanese airlines do remove surcharges, they would merely be catching up with some of their counterparts elsewhere. South Korean airlines haven’t levied fuel surcharges on overseas flights since last September, under a government-set formula that’s adjusted every month to reflect international crude prices.

Budget carrier AirAsia Bhd., AirAsia X Bhd. and all their affiliates removed fuel surcharges last January. Qantas Airways Ltd. began folding the surcharge into its base ticket price a year ago, adding that its international fares wouldn’t change as a result.

In an e-mailed statement Monday, Singapore Airlines Ltd. said it regularly reviews its fuel surcharge levels, “and whenever changes are decided upon we announce them to the market.” Singapore Air and its regional unit SilkAir lowered surcharges in February 2015.

Cathay Pacific still imposes a fuel surcharge, according to a travel advisory issued Dec. 29. In an e-mailed response, Cathay said airlines submit applications to Hong Kong’s Civil Aviation Department for fuel surcharge approval each month.

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