- Central bank seeking to manage short-term supply of rupiah
- UOB sees Bank Indonesia raising policy rate in first quarter
Indonesian interbank borrowing costs jumped the most in two years this week as the central bank sought to reduce the short-term supply of rupiah to shore up the falling currency.
The one-month Jakarta interbank offering rate rose 57 basis points this week, the most since July 2013, to 8 percent on Friday, data from the monetary authority show. The rate, known as the Jibor, fell 13 basis points on Friday after rising to a six-year high of 8.17 percent on Wednesday. The rupiah declined 0.3 percent since Sept. 25 to 14,645 a dollar, taking its loss this year to 15 percent, according to prices from local banks.
Bank Indonesia is seeking to manage short-term funding costs to make it more expensive to borrow rupiah that can be used to buy dollars, without raising long-term borrowing rates, Deputy Governor Perry Warjiyo said Sept. 30. The rise in the Jibor is in line with the policy, he said. The central bank has kept its benchmark rate at 7.5 percent since February as the weakening currency limited the scope for cuts to spur economic growth.
“Rising short-term rates increases the likelihood of a hike, but it’s unlikely this year owing to easing inflation and weak growth,” said Ho Woei Chen, an economist at United Overseas Bank Ltd. in Singapore. “The central bank has announced many measures, but for the rupiah, it’s very much a function of the commodities market and dollar strength against regional currencies.”
Ho said she expects Bank Indonesia’s reference rate to remain at 7.5 percent until the end of 2015, before a 50-basis point increase in the first quarter of next year.
Consumer-price gains slowed to 6.83 percent in September from a year earlier, the least since March, as food prices fell, according to official data released Thursday. The central bank has announced several measures aimed at stabilizing the rupiah in recent weeks including saying it will start intervening in the currency forwards market.