Ringgit forwards recorded this year’s longest stretch of weekly declines as oil re-entered a bear market, eroding Malaysia’s export earnings.
The contracts dropped for a fifth week, suggesting traders are pricing in further weakness for Asia’s worst-performing currency. A decrease in the nation’s foreign reserves to a five-year low signaled the central bank may be intervening to curb losses, which have been driven by a plunge in crude oil and an investigation into funds linked to 1Malaysia Development Bhd. that’s weighing on investor sentiment.
“The ringgit will continue to remain under pressure, given the fall in oil prices and data showing a fall in reserves,” said Khoon Goh, a strategist at Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Ltd. in Singapore. “The negative news flow surrounding 1MDB is also not helping sentiment.”
One-month non-deliverable forwards retreated 0.7 percent from July 17 and 0.2 percent Friday to 3.8350 a dollar as of 5:31 p.m. in Kuala Lumpur, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The spot rate was little changed for the week at 3.8087.
The West Texas Intermediate benchmark for oil returned to a bear market and was at $48.56 a barrel in electronic trading in New York, a discount to the $54.94 for Brent, the yardstick more commonly watched in Asia. A 52 percent slump in Brent from 2014’s high may put pressure on Malaysia’s current-account surplus as the only major net oil exporter in Asia. About 22 percent of the nation’s government revenue is derived from energy-related businesses.
Foreign reserves declined 4.7 percent to $100.5 billion as of July 15 from two weeks earlier, the central bank reported on Thursday. The holdings are close to the psychological mark of $100 billion, and a drop below that level for the first time since September 2010 may further hurt sentiment.
Malaysia’s sovereign bonds rose this week, with the 10-year yield falling nine basis points to 3.94 percent and the five year dropping 12 to 3.51 percent, prices from Bursa Malaysia show.