Ferrari SpA is considering moving its fiscal residence outside Italy to save on corporate taxes as the supercar maker prepares for its spinoff from Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV, people familiar with the matter said.
The manufacturer, which uses the colors of the Italian flag in its logo, may follow in the footsteps of its parent Fiat Chrysler, which is registered in the Netherlands, listed on the New York Stock Exchange and based in London for tax reasons, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the discussions are private.
Other options including keeping its Italian residency are still on the table, and a shift in its fiscal base wouldn’t affect its manufacturing and engineering operations in Maranello, about 190 kilometers (118 miles) south of Milan, the people said. A final decision will be made in coming months, the people said. Fiat Chrysler representatives declined to comment.
Ferrari shifting its corporate headquarters outside Italy would represent a symbolic blow for the country, which is struggling to end a cycle of recessions. Prime Minister Matteo Renzi is attempting to push through labor and tax reforms to make the Italian economy more competitive.
Those efforts have already come too late for Fiat Chrysler and CNH Industrial NV, the truck and tractor maker spun off from Fiat in 2011. Both companies have already moved their headquarters to the U.K. from Italy.
“A move away from Italy by an icon like Ferrari shows that this country is unfit for companies and its fiscal system is clearly not competitive,” said Ugo Arrigo, professor of public finance at Milan Bicocca University.
The spinoff of Ferrari is part of Fiat Chrysler’s efforts to raise about $5 billion to cut debt. Chief Executive Officer Sergio Marchionne is meeting investors in the U.S. this week as the company prepares to sell a $2.5 billion mandatory convertible bond and at least 87 million shares.
The financing, which is backed by distributing 80 percent of Ferrari stock to Fiat Chrysler investors, will boost cash by $3.7 billion, the company said in a filing last week.
Fiat Chrysler and CNH benefit from the U.K.’s corporate tax rate declining to 20 percent next year from 21 percent. Income from patents will eventually be as low as 10 percent, offering potential for additional relief.
By comparison, Italy’s corporate rate is 31.4 percent. The country is ranked 56th in the World Bank’s Doing business ranking, just after Turkey and Hungary. The U.K. is 8th. Opposition politicians called on the government to prevent an exodus of Italian companies.
Renzi “should bring investments to Italy,” Giorgio Airaudo, a lawmaker and former head of the auto workers’ unit of the Fiom Cgil union, said today by phone. “Still, he’s not even able to keep those companies that should pay taxes in the country.”
Hampered by stifling policies, the Italian economy is struggling to emerge from its longest recession on record after contracting in 11 of the last 13 quarters.
Unemployment rates are near record levels, and thousands of Italians have left the country in search of a better future. Last year, the number of emigrants from Italy rose 19 percent to 126,000, according to statistics agency Istat.
Fiat Chrysler plans to list 10 percent of Ferrari by the third quarter of next year. The maker of the 458 Italia will trade in the U.S. and possibly a European stock exchange, according to the company. Milan is being considered as the secondary listing, with New York the main market, the people said.
London-based Fiat Chrysler hasn’t commented on Ferrari’s fiscal residence, but Marchionne, who is also Ferrari’s chairman, insists the company’s roots will remain tied to its traditional home regardless of financial decisions.
Ferrari “is Italian as it has always been,” he said last month at a Fiat event at a test track in Balocco, Italy. “Capital markets are capital markets.”