Detroit can exchange at least $1.67 billion of its water and sewer debt for new bonds, a federal judge ruled, removing one more hurdle in the city’s path to exiting its record municipal bankruptcy.
The city won approval of the deal today in federal court in Detroit, a week before it starts a trial on its plan to cut debt and exit bankruptcy. The decision by U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Steven Rhodes allows the city to buy back or pay off early about 92 percent of the water and sewer bonds it was targeting with a repurchase offer that ended last week.
“It’s a good deal for the city,” Kevyn Orr, Detroit’s emergency manager, told Rhodes today in court.
Should the city succeed this week in selling new bonds to finance the deal, a group of four bond insurers and investors will drop their opposition to the debt-cutting plan when the trial opens Sept. 2. If the sale fails, the city can still go ahead by borrowing money from a unit of Citigroup Inc., said Heather Lennox, an attorney for the city.
Detroit’s 5.25 percent water bonds due in 2041 climbed 4 percent today to 98.8 cents on the dollar, according to data compiled Bloomberg.
Syncora Guarantee Inc., which wanted to fight the deal, insures part of the city’s pension debt that doesn’t include the water and sewer bonds. Syncora said it might be affected because the department of water and sewer will help pay for notes that may be issued as part of the overall debt-cutting plan.
Rhodes ruled the company isn’t eligible to fight the deal because it has no financial interest in the water and sewer bond arrangement.
Under the proposal, the water and sewer department would buy back or redeem $1.67 billion of about $5 billion in bonds, Lennox said. The bonds not repurchased would be honored and repaid without any change, Lennox said.
The refinancing would save $11.4 million a year for the first 19 years of the deal, Nicolette Bateson, chief financial officer for the water and sewer department, said today in court. The refinancing would also raise $150 million for projects to improve the city’s sewage system.
Bondholders had until Aug. 21 to agree to sell back their bonds to the city. Had too few investors agreed, the city said, it would have ask Rhodes to impose changes to the bond terms.
Bondholders balked at the city’s debt-adjustment plan, which seeks to cut interest rates on some securities or scrap provisions that protect investors from being forced to resell bonds before they mature. The proposal led the three biggest credit raters to lower their grades on the bonds to junk.
The entire deal should close by Sept. 4 if investors buy the new bonds.
After today’s ruling, the city and bond insurer Syncora argued about whether federal mediators were biased when they helped negotiate what’s been called the city’s grand bargain, in which private foundations agreed to prop up Detroit’s pension system in exchange for a promise that no city-owned art would be sold to pay creditors.
Syncora wants the chance to argue during the trial that the debt-cutting plan wasn’t proposed in good faith because the mediators colluded to help the pensioners at the cost of Wall Street investors. The city wants Rhodes to bar that objection from being raised, arguing it was brought up too late in the bankruptcy case.
Rhodes said he will decide later this week and issue a written ruling.
The case is In re City of Detroit, 13-bk-53846, U.S. Bankruptcy Court, Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit).