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Iraq Kurds Vow to Keep Kirkuk Oil Fields Until Referendum

Kurdish Soldier in Iraq
A Kurdish soldier with the Peshmerga keeps guard on the outskirts of Kirkuk, Iraq, on June 25, 2014. Photographer: Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurds plan a referendum for independence and will keep troops in the nearby oil hub of Kirkuk until people there can vote on whether to join the Kurdish enclave, a regional government spokesman said.

“As a people, we have the right to be independent, but the issue is up to the Kurdish people, to be decided upon via a referendum,” Safeen Dizayee, spokesman of the Kurdistan Regional Government, said in an interview in the city of Erbil yesterday. “We now have arrived at a new reality. If the Kurdish people, through referendum, were to opt for complete independence, we want it to be done through negotiations with Baghdad, like what happened in Czechoslovakia.”

Iraq’s minority Kurds, who historically have resisted control by Arab-dominated central governments, are charting a course to independently develop oil reserves that the KRG calculates at 45 billion barrels -- larger than BP Plc’s estimate for deposits in the U.S. or Nigeria, Africa’s biggest producer. Kurdish armed forces moved last month outside their region in northern Iraq and occupied the long-disputed Kirkuk oil fields after the Iraqi army fled from Islamist militants.

Iraq’s central government in Baghdad said any referendum the Kurds may hold, whether to determine the future of the city of Kirkuk and its nearby oil fields or to declare independence for the Kurdish region itself, would be unlawful. “The government doesn’t accept anything outside the constitutional way, which was voted on by the Kurds,” Ali al-Moussawi, media adviser to Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, said by phone in response to Dizayee’s comments. “If they do this, it would be unilateral and unconstitutional.”

Peshmerga Deployed

The KRG and its Peshmerga armed forces will maintain control of Kirkuk and other disputed areas they hold outside their region until people there can vote on joining the Kurdish enclave, Dizayee said, without providing a date for such a referendum. Kirkuk, including Iraq’s fourth-biggest oil deposit, is an ethnically mixed area claimed also by the central government.

“The KRG can export Kirkuk oil, the same way as it exports the region’s crude” from current KRG-administered fields, Dizayee said.

By securing the oil facilities in and around Kirkuk, the Kurds would add almost 9 billion barrels to their own crude reserves. Iraq, excluding such an enlarged Kurdish-controlled region, would be left with reserves of 141 billion barrels, still the world’s fifth-largest.

Market Prices

The KRG has sold one cargo of crude that it sent by pipeline to the Turkish port of Ceyhan on the Mediterranean Sea, Dizayee said. “Oil was sold according to the market prices on the day of loading and was definitely not sold at half price,” he said. The Kurds deposited revenue from the sale at Turkey’s Halkbank, where they also plan to send money from any future sales.

Brent crude for August settlement, a global price benchmark, rose 0.1 percent to $112.44 a barrel at 7:44 a.m. local time on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange today.

KRG authorities plan to boost daily crude-export capacity from about 120,000 barrels currently to 400,000 barrels by the end of the year, with a possibility of “additional quantities from Kirkuk,” Dizayee said.

Output from the Kirkuk area has dwindled to 30,000 barrels a day from 650,000 since Iraq’s government shut the country’s export pipeline to Turkey in March because of sabotage, state-run North Oil Co. said in a June 19 statement.

The KRG will pay money owed to oil companies working in the Kurdish region after meeting its own financial requirements, and it plans to seek loans from international banks to help cover public expenses, he said.

Iraq’s central government only allocated enough money to the KRG this year for the Kurdish authorities to pay civil servants’ salaries for the first two months, Dizayee said. “We need approximately $1.2 billion a month for salaries and other operational and investment projects,” he said.

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