Public elementary and secondary schools saw annual revenue decline $5 billion in 2012, the first drop since 1977, according to a U.S. Census Bureau report.
Total expenditures fell for a third consecutive year, to $594 billion, a drop of $2.5 billion, according to the study of the 50 states and the District of Columbia issued today in Washington.
New York was the top spender, at $19,552 per pupil. The District of Columbia, Alaska, New Jersey and Connecticut rounded out the top five.
The states spending the least per pupil were Utah, at $6,206, followed by Idaho, Oklahoma, Arizona and Mississippi.
State governments were the leading source of support for public schools, with $270 billion provided in 2012. Local taxes followed closely at $265 billion, the report said.