Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said the Bank of Japan won’t buy bonds just to keep down government debt-servicing costs after it achieves stable 2 percent inflation.
“If we reach our target and prices are stable, we have no intention of moving away from our goal and implementing policy to reduce debt servicing costs,” Kuroda said in parliament today in response to a question from opposition lawmaker and former Economy Minister Seiji Maehara, who said “the BOJ could be smacked around and told to do something” if yields rise.
Unprecedented easing has helped suppress yields on 10-year government debt to the lowest in the world even as inflation has accelerated to the fastest pace since 2008. The challenge for Kuroda and Abe will be to avoid any abrupt yield increases should a pickup in prices to the BOJ’s target prompt the central bank to consider an exit from record bond purchases.
“Kuroda is delivering a message that the government must continue efforts to reduce Japan’s massive debt and that the BOJ won’t be a buyer forever,” said Hideo Kumano, executive chief economist at Dai-ichi Life Research Institute in Tokyo. “It’s clear Kuroda sees the need for another sales-tax increase next year. Kuroda thinks the BOJ can cope with the economy if the tax hike puts it in danger.”
The 10-year government bond yield was at 0.610 percent at 5:26 p.m. in Tokyo, up 0.5 basis point. After the BOJ announced unprecedented easing in April last year, the yield swung from a record low of 0.315 percent to as much as 1 percent in the next month.
The government raised the sales levy this month to 8 percent from 5 percent -- the first increase since 1997 -- as Abe tries to rein in the world’s biggest debt burden. A further increase to 10 percent is scheduled for October 2015, pending a government decision later this year.
“The BOJ strongly hopes that the government will steadily work toward financial consolidation,” said Kuroda, formerly a senior finance ministry official before a stint as head of the Asian Development Bank.
The central bank under its quantitative and qualitative easing policy that Kuroda began a year ago accumulates Japanese government bonds at a pace of about 50 trillion yen ($488 billion) a year. The purchases in the open market have helped support large budget deficits and Abe’s bid to lift the world’s third-biggest economy out of 15 years of deflation.
Japan’s debt will equal 242 percent of the economy by the end of 2014, according to International Monetary Fund. Just 8 percent of its bonds are held by overseas investors, reflecting a large pool of domestic savings.
Mizuho Securities Co. forecasts long-term interest rates “will rise steadily in a bad way as the risk premium widens,” Chief Market Economist Yasunari Ueno wrote in an e-mailed note today. “This is something that many market participants also warn about.”
An increase in yields of 1 percentage point would lead to 7.5 trillion yen in capital losses on bond holdings of Japan’s financial institutions, assuming a parallel shift upward in the curve, the central bank said in a report today.
The central bank’s holdings of Japan’s debt will rise to 20 percent of total issuance by the end of 2014, Kuroda said in parliament today. The purchases are aimed at pushing inflation up to the BOJ’s goal as soon as possible, not financing the budget deficit, he said.