April 19 (Bloomberg) -- The captain of a South Korean ferry that sank this week was arrested on five charges including negligence of duty and accidental homicide, as the search for hundreds of missing people yielded no survivors.
Captain Lee Joon Seok, 69, who wasn’t on the bridge at the time of the incident, and two crew members were arrested and are being held in custody at Mokpo Coast Guard Station, prosecutor Lee Bong Chang said by phone. Captain Lee is accused of abandoning the ship and its passengers, said the prosecutor. The ship’s female third-ranked crew who was steering the ferry, surnamed Park, and a helmsman, Cho, face three charges including accidental homicide and violation of maritime laws.
“The captain and two crew members abandoned the ship and didn’t do what they were supposed to do,” prosecutor Lee said. “They should have also sailed more carefully without making sharp turns,” he said, adding that the investigation is still at an early stage.
The coast guard raided the office of the ferry’s owner Chonghaejin Marine Co. in Incheon on April 17, said prosecutor Yang Joong Jin. No company officials have been summoned for questioning yet, he said. The company didn’t answer two phone calls seeking comment.
Kim Han Shik, the 72-year-old chief executive officer of Chonghaejin Marine, said his company has committed a “terrible sin.” Kim was speaking at a press briefing at Incheon port April 17 that was broadcast on MBN TV.
Investigators are also looking into modifications made to expand passenger and cargo capacity on the 20-year-old ship, Yang said. A full-scale probe will be conducted once the ferry is salvaged, he said.
The ferry, named Sewol, or “Time and Tide” in Korean, had passed safety inspections for the expansion work at a check between October 2012 and February 2013, said an official from the Korean Register of Shipping, which conducted the test. The official asked not to be identified, citing company policy.
Chonghaejin Marine had expanded the vessel’s capacity to carry an additional 117 passengers, bringing the total number of passengers and crew that can be accommodated to 956 people, the Korean Register official said.
The vessel was built by Japan’s Hayashikane Dockyard Co. in 1994 and had no accidents during 18 years of operation, according to Takaharu Miyazono, a spokesman for A-Line, the previous owner. It sold the ferry to the Korean company in October 2012, Miyazono said.
Of the 476 people on board the ferry, 32 people are known to have died and 174 rescued, leaving 270 people unaccounted for. Investigators are probing whether the ferry, which is now entirely submerged, turned too quickly or abnormally. They have declined to say whether passengers received an order to evacuate as the ferry listed.
No Rescue Boats
“The announcements to stay on the vessel were issued because rescue boats hadn’t yet arrived,” Lee the captain told reporters in Mokpo as he was taken into custody, flanked by the two crew members. The comments were broadcast on YTN TV.
“The currents were extremely fast. The water was cold,” he said. “Even if life jackets were worn, if we abandon the ship without a clear judgment you can be dragged far away. I judged that there would be many complications.”
Live coast guard footage of the rescue operation today showed rough seas, rain and fog in the area of the ferry, which is now marked with beige floating buoys after the ship’s bow slipped under the sea surface yesterday.
The ferry left Incheon, near Seoul, around 9 p.m. local time on April 15, after fog delayed the departure by about 2 1/2 hours, according to an Incheon port official. The ship was en route to Jeju island, a popular tourist resort in the south, in a trip that typically takes about 14 hours.
First Time Steering
At around 8:30 a.m. and 9 a.m. the next morning, two announcements were given on the ship calling on passengers to don life jackets and stay in their current location because the ferry was tilting, crew member Oh Young Seok, 57, said in an interview yesterday at a hospital in Mokpo. Oh wasn’t on the bridge at the time of the incident and was rescued on the same boat as eight crew members.
The ferry’s route through the ‘Maeng Gol Soo Do,’ a waterway known for strong currents where the ferry sank, wasn’t unusual for a vessel traveling between Incheon and Jeju, though the third-ranked crew member was steering in it for the first time, prosecutor Yang told reporters in Mokpo.
“It’s not as though we didn’t want to help,” Oh said during a break from police questioning. “We know the rule. The rule is to help the old and the weak, pregnant women, then other passengers, and then we should leave when it appears all have left, and the captain should abandon ship last. But the vessel was tilting so fast we couldn’t reach any lifeboats.”
Investigators are unlikely to seek arrests for other crew members, though they will continue to be questioned, prosecutor Yang said.
The ferry first contacted authorities at 8:55 a.m. on April 16 to request coast guard assistance, according to an audio clip of the exchange issued by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries.
“Ship has listed a lot. Can’t move. Please come quick,” the ferry told the Vessel Traffic Services on Jeju island, its destination.
“I did hear the announcement that we should stay put but I couldn’t,” Choi Chan Yeol, a 57-year-old chef, said in an interview at a hospital in Mokpo. Choi managed to escape by gripping a cord and pulling himself to the door of the restaurant hall. “It was scary as the ferry was tilting and water was filling up.”
More than 600 divers have been hampered in their attempts to search the sunken vessel due to strong currents and bad visibility. There have been no survivors found since the day of the sinking, which occurred off the southwest corner of the Korean peninsula.
Divers have been able to insert a guide line into the ferry that will help them enter the ship, coast guard official Ko Myung Suk told reporters today. Early this morning, a diver saw three bodies through a cabin window before strong currents forced him back to the surface, Ko said. No bodies have been recovered from inside the vessel.
In addition to the coast guard, personnel from South Korea’s navy, air force and army are aiding the search and rescue, with 176 vessels and 28 helicopters and other aircraft supporting their efforts, the coast guard said today.
Oil has also begun to leak from the ferry and the coast guard is using 23 vessels to try to contain it, the coast guard said in a phone text message.
Most of the missing passengers are from a group of 325 students and 14 teachers from Danwon High School, who were on an excursion to Jeju island. Parents of the missing students are packed into a gymnasium on Jindo island, near the site of the sinking.
The school’s vice principal Kang Min Kyu, who was on the ferry but survived, was found hanged behind the gymnasium yesterday, police official Lee Sung Hun told reporters.
The ferry listed and capsized in an area of the ocean as shallow as 20 meters (66 feet) in some parts, based on readings from a coast guard vessel used in the rescue operation. Floating cranes are standing by to try to lift the ferry.
“We’re operating under the belief that there are still survivors, and we will lift the boat to the surface only after the search is over and we have approval of family members,” Ko Myung Suk, general of equipment and technology bureau at Korea Coast Guard said in a televised briefing. “ We will continue to search throughout the night.”
To contact the editors responsible for this story: Stuart Biggs at firstname.lastname@example.org Teo Chian Wei