Google Inc. briefly surpassed Exxon Mobil Corp. as the second-most valuable company, trailing only Apple Inc. and underscoring the growing role of technology in the economy.
Google, which became the world’s largest online advertiser through its dominant search engine, had a higher market capitalization during intraday trading today before falling back at the close in New York to a value of $395.4 billion compared to Exxon’s $395.7 billion, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Apple had a market value of $463.5 billion. Software company Microsoft Corp. is No. 4 with $303.5 billion.
Technology companies are establishing themselves as key players worldwide as they disrupt industries from retail to finance. Google, which went public in 2004 -- 84 years after Exxon -- has benefited from consumers moving to online services and content, a trend that’s being accelerated by the growing popularity of smartphones and tablets.
“It’s the sign of the times,” said Fadel Gheit, an analyst at Oppenheimer & Co. in New York. “Out with the old and in with the new.”
Exxon, the world’s largest oil producer by market value, has been under pressure since it reported fourth-quarter output declined last month. Net income fell 16 percent to $8.35 billion, or $1.91 a share. Sales dropped 3.3 percent to $110.86 billion. Global output for the Irving, Texas-based company dropped for the ninth time in 10 quarters.
BP Plc and Royal Dutch Shell Plc also reported lower quarterly earnings compared with 2012 as the world’s biggest oil companies face rising drilling costs, slumping refining profits and stagnate fuel prices.
Google fared better in its fourth quarter. Last month, it reported that revenue, excluding sales passed on to partners, rose 11 percent to $13.6 billion, topping projections of $13.4 billion, amid a busy holiday shopping season.
Shares of Exxon rose less than 1 percent to $90.58 at the close in New York and have fallen 10 percent this year. Google shares climbed 1.5 percent today to $1,177.44 and are up 5.1 percent this year.
“Google’s market cap reflects investor recognition of the growing strength of its digital platform, which is growing leaps and bounds,” Frank Gillett, an analyst with Forrester Research Inc., said in an e-mail.
Google began as a simple search engine when co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin found a better way to sift through the exploding amount of information on the Internet. In the following years, the Mountain View, California-based company added online services such e-mail, maps and calendars.
More recently, the company has shown it’s willing to venture further from its early roots with bets on software for mobile phones, fiber networks and entertainment content. It’s also investing in much longer-term projects, such as driverless cars, robotics and balloon-enabled wireless services.
Google has retained its leadership in online advertising. The company is projected to take 41 percent of the U.S. digital-ad market this year with the No. 2, Facebook Inc., grabbing just 8.2 percent, according to EMarketer Inc.
“It’s working and it’s continuing to work,” Martin Pyykkonen, an analyst at Wedge Partners Corp., said. “They invented something that people use constantly, every day of their life.”