Wall Street’s biggest lobbying groups banded together to sue the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, seeking to curb the overseas reach of its rules and rein in a regulatory barrage by its departing Chairman Gary Gensler.
The suit, filed Dec. 4 in federal court in Washington by the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association and others, seeks to overturn guidance the CFTC approved in July. The trade associations, which represent Goldman Sachs Group Inc., JPMorgan Chase & Co., Deutsche Bank AG and other swap dealers, say the agency illegally set regulations by issuing guidance documents and staff advisories rather than formal commission-approved rules.
In their court papers and in interviews, the groups said they felt pushed to the edge by Gensler, who has spent the past five years grappling with banks over the parameters of a more public marketplace for financial products that helped ignite the 2008 credit crisis.
Gensler defended the CFTC’s policies, saying the overseas guidance was released appropriately, and attributing the challenge to the “money at stake.”
The lawsuit filed by Sifma along with the International Swaps and Derivatives Association and the Institute of International Bankers -- is the latest in a series of Wall Street challenges to U.S. efforts to reshape financial regulation after the worst economic collapse since the Great Depression. The 2010 Dodd-Frank Act gave the CFTC power to bring swaps, which have been traded behind closed doors for decades, under U.S. oversight for the first time.
The question of how to apply the new regulations overseas has been among the most contentious issues in the battle between the banks and Gensler.
Samsung to Media-Saturn Raided in EU Online-Sales Probe
Samsung Electronics Co., Royal Philips NV and Metro AG’s Media-Saturn were among companies raided by European Union antitrust officials as part of a probe into suspected online-sales restrictions.
Regulators said companies may have “put in place restrictions on online sales of consumer-electronic products and small domestic appliances,” according to an e-mailed statement yesterday. Such clauses may increase consumer prices or prevent some products being sold online, it said, without citing companies involved in the probe.
EU antitrust officials visited a number of companies in several European countries on Dec. 3, Antoine Colombani, a spokesman for the Brussels-based regulator, said yesterday.
“We are fully cooperating with the European Commission but as this is an ongoing case, we cannot comment any further,” Joost Akkermans, a spokesman for Philips, said in an e-mail. He said the company was visited this week.
Media-Saturn, part of Germany’s biggest retailer, said the EU visited it on Dec. 3 and the group “is cooperating fully.”
Samsung is “cooperating fully with the European Commission,” spokeswoman Rhee So-eui said in an e-mailed statement. “We cannot comment on details at this time.”
Metro’s Media Markt was previously inspected by the EU in 2008 when regulators were seeking evidence for how Intel Corp. used rebates on sales of personal computers to wrest sales away from Advanced Micro Devices Inc.
EU raids on companies don’t always signal that companies violated antitrust rules or that they will be fined.
BOE Seeking Exemption From European Bank Stress Tests in 2014
The Bank of England is seeking an exemption from European Union stress tests to spare U.K. banks the burden of two check-ups as it prepares to conduct its own exams next year.
The BOE is trying to convince the European Banking Authority that its own planned tests on U.K. banks are “sufficiently rigorous” to avoid having to carry out separate checks using methods set down by the EBA, Jo Paisley, director of risk analysis at the BOE’s Prudential Regulation Authority, said at a banking regulation conference in London.
The U.K. stress tests will take place against an unprecedented series of financial-stability exams by the European Central Bank, EBA and national watchdogs as the bloc prepares to hand supervisory powers over about 130 banks to the Frankfurt-based ECB. The EBA, set up in 2011 to harmonize rules across the 28-member EU, is scheduled to reveal the blueprints for its tests in January.
The BOE’s Financial Policy Committee recommended earlier this year that banks be tested for their resilience to economic shocks. The first exams will take place next year and cover Britain’s eight biggest lenders.
Separately, the 319-year-old BOE is working to overcome lawmaker criticism that it has employed too few women over the years. While all nine members of its monetary policy committee are men, the BOE now has the biggest concentration of female managers ever, thanks to the creation this year of its bank-oversight division.
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Fifth Third to Pay $6.5 Million Over SEC Accounting Allegations
Fifth Third Bancorp agreed to pay $6.5 million to settle U.S. regulatory claims that it made improper disclosures about commercial real estate loans during the financial market turmoil of 2008.
Daniel Poston, who was Fifth Third’s chief financial officer at the time, agreed to pay $100,000 and to be suspended for one year from practicing as an accountant at a publicly-traded company, the Securities and Exchange Commission said in a statement yesterday.
Fifth Third experienced an increase in “non-performing assets” as the real estate market declined in 2007 and 2008, the SEC said. After deciding to sell the loans in the third quarter of 2008, the Cincinnati-based bank failed to classify them as “held for sale,” and instead continued to book them as investments, according to the agency.
Proper accounting would have increased Fifth Third’s pretax loss for the third quarter of 2008 by 132 percent, the SEC said. Poston failed to direct the bank to properly classify and value the loans and also made inaccurate statements to auditors, the agency said.
Fifth Third spokesman Larry Magnesen said in a telephone interview that the bank, which resolved the SEC claims without admitting or denying wrongdoing, is pleased to have finalized the settlement. Paul Schoeman, Poston’s attorney at Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP, didn’t immediately return a phone call seeking comment.
Insider Trading Suspects’ Defense Stymied by U.K. Legal Aid Cuts
Four men charged with insider trading have lost their trial lawyers because of cuts to legal aid in the U.K., days before they were scheduled to enter pleas, according to four people with knowledge of the case.
The men, who include former Deutsche Bank AG managing director Martyn Dodgson, are among six defendants charged in the U.K.’s biggest insider-trading investigation, known as Operation Tabernula, who will appear in court in London today. The trial lawyers, known as barristers, withdrew because of cuts to government funding of legal cases that came into effect earlier this week, said the people, who asked not to be named because the matter is private.
The U.K. government overhauled legal aid as part of austerity measures to trim the deficit.
The cuts to legal aid include a 30 percent reduction in fees for lawyers in high-cost cases, such as Tabernula, that are expected to run for a long period of time and require a large number of lawyers.
Grant Harrison, a former managing director at Altium Capital Ltd., Iraj Parvizi, a former director at Aria Capital Ltd., Dodgson, and three other men are all scheduled to enter pleas today, though that may get pushed back because of the lack of barristers, the people said.
Parvizi and one of the other men, Benjamin Anderson, have kept their trial lawyers because they’re able to pay them, according to the people. All six still have solicitors, lawyers who don’t usually argue before courts in the U.K.
One of the people, a lawyer for one of the defendants, said they’ve asked about 60 barristers to take the case on the reduced legal-aid budget, without success.
Levitt Says SEC Should Not Focus on Proxy Disclosure
Arthur Levitt, former Securities and Exchange Commission chairman, said the SEC “has far more important issues” to consider rather that weighing whether regulators should impose rules to make proxy advisers more transparent. Levitt talked with Bloomberg’s Tom Keene and Michael McKee on Bloomberg Radio’s “Bloomberg Surveillance.”
The SEC is weighing whether proxy advisers have grown so influential in corporate elections that regulators should impose rules to make their business more transparent.
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Lew Says Volcker Rule to Prevent Repeat of ‘London Whale’ Bets
Treasury Secretary Jacob J. Lew said the Volcker rule banning banks’ proprietary trading that regulators plan to vote on next week will prohibit transactions such as JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s so-called London Whale and put more responsibility on top Wall Street executives.
“The rule prohibits risky trading bets like the ‘London Whale’ that are masked as risk-mitigating hedges,” Lew said in the prepared text of a speech yesterday in Washington. “And it puts in place strong compliance requirements that require those in charge of financial institutions to make sure that the ‘tone at the top’ sends the right signal to the whole firm.”
Lew is coordinating efforts by regulators to adopt rules intended to prevent a repeat of the 2007-08 financial crisis. The Federal Reserve, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. and Commodity Futures Trading Commission plan to vote Dec. 10, and the Securities and Exchange Commission will act the same day.
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