Karnit Flug will probably wait before lowering Israel’s benchmark interest rate again to weaken the shekel, leaving borrowing costs unchanged today in her first meeting after being approved as central bank chief, a survey of economists showed.
While 23 out of 24 economists surveyed by Bloomberg expect the Flug-led monetary policy committee to keep the lending rate at 1 percent, interest rate swaps signal that some investors aren’t ruling out another cut. That will probably happen later this quarter, said Daniel Hewitt, an economist at Barclays Plc in London and the most accurate forecaster of the Bank of Israel’s rate decisions according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
“The basis for further cuts is forming,” Hewitt said in an Oct. 25 note to clients. “High-tech exports have been falling, raising concerns that shekel appreciation may be harming the competitiveness of Israeli goods.”
Finance Minister Yair Lapid said Oct. 24 the government will work with Flug, whose appointment the cabinet approved yesterday, to weaken the shekel, which he said was “too strong.” The Bank of Israel has lowered the key rate from 3.25 percent in 2011, including a surprise rate cut last month, and bought $835 million in September to curb the currency and bolster the country’s export-driven economy. The shekel has gained more than 10 percent in the past year.
One-year interest rate swaps, an indicator of investor expectations for rates over the period, declined one basis point to 0.91 percent, below the current benchmark rate. One-year Makam bills, one of the instruments sensitive to expected changes in interest rates, declined to 0.86 percent, the lowest since April 2009.
Under Stanley Fischer, Flug’s predecessor, the Bank of Israel surprised economists in about a quarter of its rate decisions, more often than any other Organisation for Co-operation and Development country for which comparable data is tracked by Bloomberg. Flug said in June that Fischer taught her much of what she knows about conducting monetary policy.
With inflation at 1.3 percent, at the low end of the 1 percent to 3 percent target range, the central bank has room to lower borrowing costs further. The risk is that a cut will fuel housing prices, which surged 72 percent between 2007 and 2012, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics in Jerusalem.
Rafael Gozlan, the only economist surveyed who correctly predicted the Bank of Israel’s rate cut last month, says investor expectations for an additional rate cut may be “overly aggressive.”
“We expect the interest rate to remain unchanged in the coming months,” Gozlan said. “For another move, there would have to be a significant worsening in the global picture.”
The split vote on last month’s cut makes another reduction this month less likely, said Alex Zabezhinsky of Tel Aviv-based Meitav DS Investment House Ltd. Since the start of the current loosening cycle, in 2011, the bank hasn’t made consecutive rate cuts, with the exception of two decisions this May, he said.
Economists at Tachlit Discount Portfolio Management in Tel Aviv were the only forecasters to predict a rate cut today. Commerzbank AG, which had earlier predicted a reduction, said that while its models “flag up a high likelihood” of another cut in coming months, the past monetary easing pattern has been one of pauses between cuts.
For now, the Bank of Israel will probably pursue a mix of policy actions to deal with shekel appreciation, Hewitt said, including further foreign currency intervention and regulatory changes. In the meantime, Lapid’s statement indicates the ministry may be working on a joint strategy with the Bank of Israel to limit the shekel appreciation, he said.
“The Bank of Israel apparently is relying more on the government to take some of the burden of combating shekel appreciation,” he said.
The shekel’s 10.8 percent rise against the dollar in the past 12 months has made it the best performer among the 31 major global currencies Bloomberg tracks. Exports, excluding diamonds and startups, will probably shrink by 1.1 percent this year, according to a Bank of Israel September forecast.
While the bank expects economic growth to slow to 3.4 percent in 2014 from 3.6 percent this year, Lapid said last week it could grow as much as 4 percent.
Flug met with Lapid yesterday for their first working meeting since her appointment, the Finance Ministry said in an e-mailed statement. Lapid said their talk underscored the necessity for the two to cooperate to tackle the economy’s challenges.