Asian currencies fell for a fourth month, led by India’s rupee and Indonesia’s rupiah, as investors pulled money from regional assets on slowing economic growth and an expected reduction in stimulus by the Federal Reserve.
The Bloomberg-JPMorgan Asia Dollar Index lost 1.1 percent in August, the biggest drop since May. The rupee completed its worst month since 1992 and the rupiah headed for its biggest decline in five years as analysts cut expansion forecasts for the two economies. Foreign funds pulled $4.5 billion from Taiwanese, Thai, Indian and Indonesian stocks in August, exchange data show, as 65 percent of economists surveyed by Bloomberg forecast the Fed will start to taper next month.
“Weak sentiment continues as Asian economies have to show really good numbers to encourage investors,” said Nalin Chutchotitham, a Bangkok-based analyst at Kasikornbank Pcl.
The rupee weakened 8.1 percent this month to 65.7050 per dollar in Mumbai, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The rupiah dropped 5.9 percent to 10,920, the Philippine peso declined 2.6 percent to 44.605 and Thailand’s baht lost 2.7 percent to 32.15.
Standard Chartered Plc cut its 2013-2014 growth forecast for India to 4.7 percent from 5.5 percent on Aug. 29, while UBS AG this week reduced its estimate for Indonesia’s 2013 growth to 5.6 percent from 6 percent. Thailand entered a recession for the first time since 2009, contracting 0.3 percent in the second quarter from the previous three months, when it decreased 1.7 percent, official data show.
The rupee had its biggest gain since 1986 on Aug. 29 on speculation a central bank plan to supply dollars to the largest oil buyers would cool demand for foreign exchange. The currency resumed falling yesterday.
“Sharp weakness in the India rupee is starting to weigh on India’s economy,” Priyanka Kishore, a London-based analyst at Standard Chartered, wrote in a report on Aug. 29. “The global backdrop remains challenging due to Fed tapering concerns.”
The rupiah advanced after Bank Indonesia raised its benchmark interest rate on Aug. 29 to a four-year high in an unscheduled move to stem exchange-rate weakness. The reference rate was boosted by 50 basis points to 7 percent, before a Sept. 2 report that economists predict will show faster inflation.
“Bank Indonesia’s move seeks to preempt August inflation, which may reflect the impact of a weaker rupiah,” said Gundy Cahyadi, an economist at Oversea-Chinese Banking Corp. in Singapore. “The initial market response has been positive.”
Malaysia’s ringgit had its fourth monthly drop as the nation’s deteriorating current-account position spurred concern among investors. The surplus in the broadest measure of trade shrank 70 percent to 2.6 billion ringgit ($792 million) in the second quarter, data showed last week. The ringgit weakened 1.2 percent in August to 3.2847 per dollar.
“The Fed’s taper has shifted the market’s focus to emerging-market asset values and imbalances such as the deterioration in current accounts,” said Nizam Idris, the head of fixed income and currency strategy at Macquarie Bank Ltd. in Singapore. “The market is re-pricing Malaysia’s assets.”
Elsewhere in Asia, China’s yuan rose 0.15 percent this month to 6.1195 per dollar. South Korea’s won gained 1.2 percent to 1,110.04, Taiwan’s dollar advanced 0.5 percent to NT$29.983 and Vietnam’s dong strengthened 0.1 percent to 21,150.