Thailand’s stocks are falling at the fastest pace in Asia as an amnesty bill for political protesters spurs demonstrations in the streets of Bangkok and threatens to delay the nation’s biggest-ever infrastructure spending plan.
The SET Index, which rose 328 percent from October 2008 to this year’s high on May 21, has since dropped 13 percent through yesterday as shares of Krung Thai Bank Pcl and billionaire Dhanin Chearavanont’s CP All Pcl tumbled. Stock swings in Thailand have almost tripled in the past six months while trading volumes fell 52 percent, the most among 45 emerging and developed markets.
Police closed roads around parliament this week on concern as many as 5,000 people may join rallies against the ruling Pheu Thai party’s bill, which would exonerate protesters jailed after the nation’s military coup in 2006. Debate over the legislation may delay approval of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra’s $64 billion plan to build high-speed trains and highways across Thailand, where government spending accounts for about 24 percent of the economy.
“Political tension and economic slowdown will be the main risks to the Thai market,” Petcharat Powattanasatien, the head of equity investment at Bangkok-based Kasikorn Asset Management Co., the nation’s biggest private money manager with $27 billion of assets, said in a July 31 phone interview. “Any delay in the government’s spending on new infrastructure projects will have a negative impact.”
Thailand’s SET index rose 1.2 percent to 1,447.16 today after better-than-estimated Chinese trade data eased concern that the biggest emerging economy is slowing.
The gauge’s 30-day historical volatility jumped 180 percent to 25.2 as of Aug. 6 from 9 at the end of January. That compares with a 33 percent drop for the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index and a 16 percent increase for the Shanghai Composite Index in China, the biggest emerging market, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Thirty-day average volume in the $390 billion equity market, the 11th-biggest in Asia, declined to about 9.8 billion shares from 21 billion in January, which was within 5 percent of a record high. Volume fell to 4.7 billion shares on Aug. 5, the lowest since Nov. 21.
The last time trading in Thailand slowed this much, in November 2010, the SET index dropped about 4 percent during the next 12 months. That compares with a 3.7 percent gain in the S&P 500, the data show.
The SET gauge has more than quadrupled since November 2008 as bond purchases by the U.S. Federal Reserve spurred demand for riskier assets in emerging markets. The Thai economy rebounded from a 7 percent contraction in the first quarter of 2009 to post an average expansion of 4.9 percent during the following three years. Growing consumer demand in the nation of 67 million people boosted car sales to an all-time high in March and lifted earnings at SET index companies to a record.
The Thai stock measure will probably climb about 15 percent this year as earnings growth lures foreign investors, said Korawut Leenabanchong, the chief investment officer at UOB Asset Management (Thailand), which oversees about $6.4 billion. Profits in the SET will probably climb 28 percent in the next 12 months, versus 14 percent for the MSCI Emerging Markets Index, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
The SET Index is valued at 12.5 times analyst earnings estimates for the next 12 months. That compares with a multiple of 18 for the Philippine equity gauge, 16 in Malaysia and 14 for Indonesia. The MSCI emerging markets index is trading at a multiple of 9.9.
“Thai stocks have been overpunished,” said Korawut, whose Thai Value Focus Equity-Dividend Fund has returned 16 percent this year, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. “The overall fundamentals of the Thai market remain strong.”
Equities have rebounded after past periods of political tension. While the SET Index lost as much as 13 percent in four months after Thai military leaders sent tanks to block Bangkok’s Government House and said they’d seized control of the capital on Sept. 19, 2006, the gauge recouped its losses by May 2007.
The SET index’s decline from its 19-year high on May 21, the day before Fed Chairman Ben S. Bernanke said in congressional testimony that the central bank could reduce stimulus if the economy improves, is the largest among equity gauges in 18 Asian nations tracked by Bloomberg. Foreign investors sold a net $2.7 billion of Thai shares since the end of March, data compiled by Bloomberg show.
“Trading should slow and volatility will remain high in the second half with investors’ lingering concern about the U.S. Fed’s monetary policy,” Charamporn Jotikasthira, president of the Stock Exchange of Thailand, said in an interview in Bangkok on July 23. The “economy will also face risk from economic slowdown as exports and domestic consumption are still weak.”
Manufacturing production declined 3.5 percent in June from a year earlier and exports dropped 3.4 percent, according to government data released on July 26. The Thai Retailers Association cut its 2013 forecast for retail and wholesale revenue growth to 9 percent from 12 percent on July 25. The nation’s gross domestic product expanded 5.3 percent in the first quarter.
“We are starting to see the first cracks around the edges” for the economy, Mark Matthews, the Singapore-based head of Asia research at Bank Julius Baer & Co., said in an Aug. 6 e-mail.
The amnesty bill, proposed by ruling party lawmaker Worachai Hema, would exonerate protesters involved in demonstrations stretching from the coup in 2006 until May 10, 2011. The legislation is designed to help innocent people in prison as a result of political conflict, Worachai said on Aug. 5, according to a comment posted on the party’s website.
Former Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva, now an opposition leader who faces murder charges for authorizing soldiers to use weapons during political unrest in 2010, has rallied supporters to protest the legislation.
The bill will undermine the country’s judiciary by freeing people who were convicted of serious criminal acts, and may lead to a pardon for Yingluck’s brother Thaksin Shinawatra, who was removed from power during the 2006 coup, Abhisit told a rally in Bangkok on Aug. 5.
Demonstrations by Thaksin’s supporters and opponents since 2006 have led to an airport seizure, business center blockages and arson attacks in Bangkok.
Thaksin has lived overseas since 2008, when he fled a jail sentence stemming from charges filed by an army-appointed body. His party won two general elections since the coup even as two prime ministers he endorsed were removed by the constitutional court. Thailand has had nine military coups and more than 20 prime ministers since 1946.
“There is a bit of nerves ahead of the amnesty bill in the next parliament session as this might cause more protests,” Andrew Yates, the head of international equities at Asia Plus Securities Pcl, the country’s second-biggest stock brokerage by market value, said by phone on Aug. 2. Trading volumes have dropped to levels normally seen around holiday periods, he said.
A draft bill to approve 2 trillion baht ($64 billion) of spending over seven years is stuck in parliament. The legislation would lead to construction of high-speed trains, railway tracks and superhighways as part of the Yingluck administration’s attempt to reduce energy consumption and transportation costs.
At the same time, about 350 billion baht earmarked for water management projects in the second half has been held up by a court order for the assessment of their impact on health and the environment.
The delays may weigh on the economy and heighten concern among foreign investors, Finance Minister Kittiratt Na-Ranong told reporters in Bangkok on July 24. Credit Suisse Group AG cut its 2013 economic expansion forecast for Thailand to 4 percent from 4.7 percent on Aug. 5, citing investment delays and weaker-than-estimated exports.
Investors should reduce Thai equity holdings and increase cash because of the political outlook, according to Maybank Kim Eng Securities (Thailand) Pcl, the nation’s largest stock brokerage. Downside risk and volatility in stocks may increase this month amid street protests, the Bangkok-based firm said.
“Political tension may prolong and pressure the stock market even though no major violence is expected,” Sukit Udomsirikul, the head of research at Maybank Kim Eng, said by phone on Aug. 5. “Investors should wait and see until the political situation has been settled.”