June 19 (Bloomberg) -- The dollar rallied the most in two months versus the euro as Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke said the central bank could reduce its bond-buying this year and end it in 2014 if economic improvement continues.
The U.S. currency gained versus a majority of its 16 most-traded peers as Fed policy makers will keep buying bonds at a pace of $85 billion a month for now. They also said risks to the economy have decreased and lowered forecasts for the unemployment and inflation rates this year. Europe’s 17-nation currency had reached almost its highest level against the dollar since February and the yen rallied earlier today while Sweden’s krona touched a two-month high versus the dollar.
“I think the U.S. dollar could benefit in the near-term versus euro and Japanese yen because expectations of tapering likely brought forward,” said Brian Kim, a currency strategist at Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc’s RBS Securities unit in Stamford, Connecticut. I “was surprised we got that much clarity from Bernanke regarding exit strategy, asset purchase adjustments,” he said.
The dollar strengthened 0.7 percent versus the euro to $1.3295 at 5:04 p.m. in New York, after rising the most on a closing basis since April 17. The U.S. currency advanced 1.2 percent to 96.45 yen. The shared currency increased 0.4 percent to 128.22 per yen.
Mexico’s peso was the biggest loser versus the dollar among major currencies, dropping 2.7 percent to 13.2452 per dollar. Australia’s dollar lost 2 percent to 92.95 U.S. cents while the pound weakened 1 percent to $1.5484.
“The committee sees downside the risks to the outlook for the economy and the labor market as having diminished since the fall,” the Federal Open Market Committee said today at the conclusion of a two-day meeting in Washington. It repeated that it’s prepared to increase or reduce the pace of purchases depending on the outlook for the job market and inflation.
“If the incoming data are broadly consistent with this forecast, the committee currently anticipates that it would be appropriate to moderate the pace of purchases later this year,” Bernanke said today in a press conference in Washington. “If the subsequent data remain broadly aligned with our current expectations for the economy, we will continue to reduce the pace of purchases in measured steps through the first half of next year, ending purchases around mid-year.”
The central bank has kept the benchmark target rate for overnight loans between banks at zero to 0.25 percent since 2008 to support the economy.
“The dollar is stronger, and generally that would be consistent with expectations of tapering,” said Eric Viloria, senior currency strategist for Gain Capital Group LLC in New York, in a phone interview. “It looks like they’re expecting a better outlook for the labor market, although inflation is expected to remain weak.”
Trading in over-the-counter foreign-exchange options totaled $28 billion, compared with $24.1 billion yesterday, according to data reported by U.S. banks to the Depository Trust Clearing Corp. and tracked by Bloomberg. Volume in options on the dollar-yuan exchange rate was $9.2 billion, the largest share of trades at 32 percent. Dollar-yen options were the second most actively traded, at $5.9 billion, or 21 percent.
Dollar-yuan options trading was 194 percent more than the average for the past five Wednesdays at a similar time in the day. U.S. dollar-yen options trading was 47 percent less than average.
The Dollar Index, which Intercontinental Exchange Inc. uses to monitor the greenback against the currencies of six U.S. trade partners, rose 0.8 percent to 81.319, touching the strongest level since June 10.
The yen has strengthened 6 percent in the past month, the best performer among 10 major currencies tracked by Bloomberg Correlation-Weighted Indexes. The euro rose 2.2 percent, while the dollar fell 1.5 percent.
Japan’s currency “needs to close and clear stops above 97 for” the dollar rally to continue, said Fabian Eliasson, head of U.S. currency sales in new York at Mizuho Financial Group Inc.
South Africa’s currency weakened against the dollar after earlier rallying. The country’s inflation slowed for the first time in five months, while the current account deficit unexpectedly shrank, improving the outlook for Africa’s largest economy. The rand fell 1.9 percent to 10.1847 per dollar after earlier strengthening to 9.9079.
The JPMorgan Global FX Volatility Index was at 10.78 percent. It climbed to a one-year high of 11.43 percent on June 13, while the average for the past 12 months is 8.65 percent.
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