June 17 (Bloomberg) -- France Telecom SA’s board voted to keep Chief Executive Stephane Richard in the top job after he was charged last week with fraud linked to his time at the French finance ministry five years ago.
President Francois Hollande yesterday said the state, the company’s biggest shareholder with a 27 percent stake and three members on the board, would vote to keep him as chief. Richard also had the support of employee shareholders of France Telecom, also known as Orange.
The charges “don’t call into question the CEO’s capacity to carry out the management of Orange fully and efficiently,” the company said in a statement today.
With the board’s ruling, France Telecom averted a third change at the helm in less than a decade at a time when the former state-owned monopoly faces price wars at home and political turmoil in some markets overseas. The 51-year-old Richard was brought in to deal with a series of employee suicides that unions linked to a reorganization under his predecessor Didier Lombard.
“As long as he can function as chief executive, he should stay,” Hollande said in an interview on M6 television yesterday. “If his legal problems one day prevent him from carrying out his functions, then the conditions will have changed.”
France Telecom, which was the worst performer on the benchmark CAC-40 index last year, rose 3.1 percent today to 7.59 euros in Paris.
“Maneuvering France Telecom-Orange is like driving a really big ship,” Benoit Maynard, a Paris-based analyst for Natixis Securities, said before the board’s vote. “Richard has managed to do quite a few things right, including developing the company abroad.”
France Telecom’s 15-person board includes three directors elected by workers and one appointed by employee shareholders. Other members include France’s first woman astronaut Claudie Haignere and former Carrefour SA Chairman Jose Luis Duran.
Questions about whether Richard would keep his job had arisen after French Industry Minister Arnaud Montebourg on June 6 -- before he was heard by judges -- was cited by Le Monde as saying Richard should quit his job if charged, a statement he later denied having made.
The fraud charge against Richard stems from the time when he was chief of staff for then-Finance Minister Christine Lagarde in former President Nicolas Sarkozy’s government --between 2007 and 2009.
The charge, related to a dispute that began in 1993 between a state-owned bank and French businessman Bernard Tapie, is turning into a distraction for the phone carrier as it strives to reverse falling sales. France Telecom is contending with price wars in France and political turmoil in countries like Egypt.
Tapie, who endorsed Sarkozy’s successful presidential effort in 2007 and his failed re-election bid in 2012, won a 385 million-euro ($509 million) arbitration award in 2008, ending a dispute with the government over his company’s sale of German sportswear brand Adidas AG in 1992. Tapie accused then-state-owned bank Credit Lyonnais of cheating him in the sale.
Lagarde, now managing director at the International Monetary Fund, in her role as finance minister, didn’t appeal the arbitration decision, saying “a very large majority” of the money would return to the state through the creditors’ claims.
She has denied any wrongdoing and was heard last month in a separate investigation. She averted being charged and was named a key witness after two days of questioning.
Richard will appeal the judges’ decision to charge him and “views their accusation as insulting and grotesque,” his lawyer, Jean-Etienne Giamarchi, has said.
Keeping Richard is “a positive alternative to a CEO appointed by this government, or worse the part of it associated with Arnaud Montebourg,” Bernstein analyst Robin Bienenstock wrote in a note.
Montebourg has ruffled feathers before. Last month, he blocked France Telecom’s attempts to forge a partnership with Yahoo! Inc. for its unit Dailymotion, a Youtube rival.
In November, the minister sparked a furor by calling for the nationalization of a troubled local unit of ArcelorMittal, which the world’s largest steelmaker was looking to shut down.
In February, Montebourg got into a war of words with Titan International Inc. Chairman Maurice Taylor, who turned down a proposal to buy a tire plant that Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. is closing in France.
Richard was called in to head France Telecom in March 2010 as the company worked to deal with dozens of employee suicides that unions blamed on stress from reorganization efforts.
A member of the French business and political elite, Richard made his personal fortune by participating in a leveraged buyout of Nexity SA, the property developer created from the real-estate assets of Generale des Eaux.
Born in Cauderan in southwestern France, he graduated from France’s elite Grandes Ecoles, like top executives at several large companies in France. He attended the Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales and the Ecole Nationale d’Administration.
He was hired by France Telecom in 2009 as an eventual successor to Lombard, due to retire a few months later.
Richard’s ascent was hastened by more than 30 employee suicides that took place from 2008 to 2010. Unions criticized how management dealt with the issue, speeding up Richard’s move to the top job. He became CEO in March 2010. Lombard is under investigation for the suicides that ended his tenure.
After dealing with the social tensions, Richard has faced the challenges of France’s phone market.
Competitor Iliad SA, a broadband provider, entered the wireless services market and started selling discounted packages starting at 2 euros per month in January 2012, prompting other phone companies to cut their prices.
Richard signed a roaming agreement allowing Iliad to start selling its packages before it had deployed a full network of its own. Extra revenue from the agreement has so far partially compensated sales lost because of falling prices and subscribers leaving to Iliad.
France Telecom in the past three years entered Morocco, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Iraq. Its fastest sales growth -- up 5 percent to 4.1 billion euros -- came in the Middle East and Africa last year and France Telecom forecasts that’ll rise to 7 billion euros by 2015.
After the first quarter, France’s biggest phone company said it would focus on cutting costs this year and keeping a lid on debt as credit agencies increased pressure. First-quarter earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization fell 9 percent to 3.12 billion euros. Sales dropped 5.9 percent to 10.28 billion euros.
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