Petroleo Brasileiro SA, the Brazilian state-run oil producer, and drugmaker Merck & Co. led at least $54 billion of bond sales in the U.S. this week, the most in more than four months, as relative yields widened.
Petrobras raised $11 billion in the largest dollar-denominated deal by an emerging-market issuer, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Whitehouse Station, New Jersey-based Merck sold $6.5 billion of debt in a six-part offering. Sales rose from last week’s $45.6 billion and compare with an average of $29.5 billion during the past 12 months.
Even as sales rose to the most since $57 billion of debt in the five days ended Jan. 11, the extra yield investors demand to own U.S. corporate bonds rather than government debentures widened 3 basis points from May 10 to 204 basis points, according to Bloomberg data and a Bank of America Merrill Lynch index. Yields decreased to 3.42 percent from 3.44 percent, and compare with a record low 3.35 percent on May 2, index data show.
Petrobras sold $1.25 billion of 2 percent, three-year fixed-rate notes to yield 175 basis points more than Treasuries and $2 billion of 3 percent, debt due January 2019 at a relative yield of 230 basis points, Bloomberg data show.
The biggest producer of oil in waters deeper than 1,000 feet (305 meters) paid 260 basis points more than Treasuries on $3.5 billion of 4.375 percent, 10-year bonds and 265 basis points more on $1.75 billion of 5.625 percent, 30-year securities, Bloomberg data show. The Rio de Janeiro-based company also sold floating-rate notes, pricing $1 billion of three-year debt at 162 basis points more than the three-month London interbank offered rate and $1.5 billion of securities maturing in January 2019 at 214 basis points more than Libor, Bloomberg data show.
The biggest slice of Merck’s issue was for $1.75 billion of 2.8 percent, 10-year notes at an 87 basis-point spread, Bloomberg data show. The company issued $1 billion of 0.7 percent, three-year debt priced at 32 basis points and $500 million of three-year, floating-rate notes at 19 basis points more than Libor, the rate at which banks say they can borrow in dollars from each other.
Merck also sold $1 billion of five-year, floating notes at 36 basis points more than Libor, an equal portion of 1.3 percent, five-year securities at 52 basis points more than benchmarks, and $1.25 billion of 4.15 percent, 30-year debentures at 102, Bloomberg data show.
Issuers planning sales include Pacific Drilling SA with a $750 million offering and Millicom International Cellular SA with a $500 million deal, Bloomberg data show.