Bank of America Corp. led the Dow Jones Industrial Average lower today after shortfalls in mortgage banking and trading marred first-quarter results and slowed the company’s turnaround.
While net income quadrupled to $2.62 billion, or 20 cents a share, analysts surveyed by Bloomberg had predicted 23 cents a share, and adjusted revenue dropped 8.4 percent to $23.9 billion. Bank of America slid 4.7 percent to $11.70 at 4:15 p.m. in New York, its biggest drop since November, and fell as much as 6.8 percent during the session.
Chief Executive Officer Brian T. Moynihan, 53, has sold more than $60 billion in assets, settled more than $40 billion in mortgage claims and repaired the bank’s balance sheet since taking over in 2010. He’s now focused on trimming $8 billion in annual expenses and adding revenue at the second-largest U.S. lender.
“It’s going to be very hard for these banks to generate revenue, and mortgage is continuing to shrink,” Chris Whalen, managing director at Carrington Investment Services LLC, an asset manager in Greenwich, Connecticut, said in an interview. “The regulatory environment for mortgage is so hostile.”
Lower mortgage banking income and declining gains from the sales of debt securities weighed on results, according to a statement today from the Charlotte, North Carolina-based company. The quarter included a $500 million settlement of claims tied to faulty home loans. Last year’s first-quarter profit was reduced by $4.8 billion in pretax accounting charges.
The net loss at consumer real estate services widened in this year’s quarter to $1.31 billion from $1.14 billion a year earlier. Adjusted revenue slipped at the unit while noninterest expenses climbed 4.5 percent to $4.06 billion and margins narrowed, the bank said.
Profit from global banking slipped 15 percent to $1.34 billion as the provision for credit losses increased. In the markets division, income fell 20 percent to $1.39 billion excluding the impact of accounting charges. Revenue from sales and trading fell 13 percent to $4.5 billion, compared with the $5 billion projection of David Trone, an analyst at JMP Securities LLC in New York.
“As they’re fighting back the losses, they’re doing a good job,” said Marty Mosby, an analyst at Guggenheim Securities LLC in Memphis, Tennessee, who has a buy rating on Bank of America’s shares. “What’s becoming more apparent is that the core earnings power is still under pressure.” Mosby’s firm manages assets that include Bank of America stock.
As old issues tied to cleaning up the company fade, the focus will be on revenue, Moynihan said today during a conference call with analysts.
Better results were posted in wealth and investment management, which includes the Merrill Lynch brokerage. Profit at the division rose 31 percent to a record $720 million as asset-management fees and client balances mounted. Revenue increased 6.6 percent to $4.4 billion.
After leading the Dow average in 2012, Bank of America is trailing broad market benchmarks and most of its peers this year. The firm’s 0.8 percent advance in 2013 compares with 12 percent for the Dow and 6.3 percent for the 24-company KBW Bank Index.
“The quarter was not pretty and the stock should sag today,” JMP’s Trone wrote in a note to investors today. “We continue to believe the deep discount is warranted.”
The bank was the last of the four biggest U.S. lenders to report results. JPMorgan Chase & Co., the largest U.S. bank, said earnings rose 33 percent to a record as credit quality improved. Wells Fargo & Co.’s record income increased 22 percent aided by cost cuts and Citigroup Inc. posted a 30 percent rise as results from fixed-income trading and investment banking beat estimates.
Moynihan has spent his tenure as CEO cleaning up financial, legal and regulatory quagmires inherited when he was promoted to the top job in 2010. Slimming the firm has meant letting Bank of America fall out of first place among its peers in terms of assets and workforce, and the asset sales put more pressure on revenue, which has been hurt by sluggish borrowing.
The most troubled assets include loans made by Countrywide Financial Corp., the mortgage company purchased in 2008, whose lax standards were blamed by lawmakers and regulators for fueling the housing bubble. The bank has been bombarded by legal claims tied to faulty mortgages and foreclosures, and some of the settlements negotiated by Moynihan’s team still face court challenges.
Litigation costs rose 11 percent to $881 million as the bank reached a preliminary settlement for class-action lawsuits targeting Countrywide. The claims focused on Countrywide’s disclosures in 429 offerings of mortgage-backed securities from 2005 through 2007, with an original principal balance exceeding $350 billion, according to the statement. The accord requires court approval.
“The revenue stories for the banks have never developed the way the bulls would have liked it, but the economy hasn’t turned around yet,” said Paul Miller, an analyst with FBR Capital Markets in Arlington, Virginia. Moynihan’s cost-cutting has begun to show results, and the company is “heading in the right direction,” said Miller, who rates the stock neutral.
To improve revenue, which slid 11 percent to $84.2 billion last year, Moynihan is setting new targets for regional managers to boost sales and pushing them to get existing customers to take more products, people with knowledge of the effort have said. Moynihan summoned more than 100 of the leaders to Chicago this month to discuss the initiative, said the people.
The CEO’s plan coincides with Bank of America’s marketing campaign introduced this month. Advertisements emphasize the ways people and corporations are assisted by the lender with the tagline “Life’s better when we’re connected.” The firm’s previous slogan was “Bank of Opportunity.”
Efforts to repair the bank’s reputation with investors and regulators got a boost last month when Moynihan won Federal Reserve approval to buy back as much as $5 billion in shares, the firm’s first repurchase program since the 2008 financial crisis.