China’s money-market rate dropped to a two-week low on speculation yuan appreciation will attract more capital and as cash returned to the banking system after the completion of a corporate bond offering.
The yuan reached a 19-year high against the dollar March 20 as U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob J. Lew held talks with Premier Li Keqiang in Beijing on trade and foreign-exchange issues. The government expanded its Renminbi Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors program this month, which allows offshore yuan to be invested on the mainland. China Minsheng Banking Corp. closed its 20 billion yuan ($3.2 billion) sale of convertible notes and returned cash from unsuccessful bids this week.
“There’s a possibility of capital inflows and we do expect the PBOC to continue to mop them up,” said Tommy Xie, who covers China’s economy at Oversea-Chinese Banking Corp. in Singapore. “Confidence in yuan appreciation is back.”
The seven-day repurchase rate, which measures interbank funding availability, dropped 43 basis points, or 0.43 percentage point, to 2.94 percent in Shanghai from a week ago, according to a weighted average compiled by the National Interbank Funding Center. That’s the lowest close since March 8.
Foreign direct investment rose 6.3 percent in February from a year earlier, the first increase in nine months, the government said on March 19.
The People’s Bank of China drained 47 billion yuan from the financial system this week through repurchase operations, bringing total net withdrawals to 1 trillion yuan in the past five weeks.
China Minsheng’s bond sale locked up 450 billion yuan of funds from bidders, according to an estimate by Guotai Junan Securities Co. The government sold 22 billion yuan of 10-year securities at 3.5198 percent on March 20.
The yield on the 3.52 percent sovereign notes due February 2023 dropped two basis points to 3.57 percent from a week ago, according to the Interbank Funding Center.
The one-year interest-rate swap, the fixed cost needed to receive the floating seven-day repurchase rate, was unchanged at 3.28 percent from March 15, data compiled by Bloomberg show.