Argentine companies are beating the government in the bond market by the most in 2 1/2 years as investors favor securities that won’t be ensnared by the nation’s legal dispute over defaulted debt.
Speculation that Argentina might lose its appeal of a ruling and be forced to default for a second time since 2001 pushed its average dollar borrowing costs to 14.8 percent on Feb. 28, 3.95 percentage points over yields for Argentine businesses, the biggest gap since August 2010, JPMorgan Chase & Co data show. After trailing sovereign debt in 2012, the nation’s corporate notes have gained 6.9 percent this year, the most among major emerging markets in JPMorgan’s CEMBI Broad index. Argentine government debt has plunged 10.8 percent.
While Argentine company yields remain the highest in Latin America, the improved performance reflects the possibility that any U.S. appeals court ordering President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner to pay holdout creditors $1.3 billion wouldn’t affect companies’ ability to meet debt obligations. Companies from Industrias Metalurgicas Pescarmona SA, the largest investor in Latin American wind energy, to Pan American Energy LLC, the nation’s biggest oil exporter, are leading the advance in Argentina.
“The market believes corporates are more willing to pay, and with Kirchner it’s a question mark,” Dorothea Froehlich, who helps oversee $3.9 billion at MainFirst Bank AG, including Argentine corporate bonds, said in a telephone interview from Zurich. “It’s easier to judge this question.”
Argentine dollar-denominated notes issued as part of the country’s debt exchanges in 2005 and 2010 have lost the most among 55 developing nations in JPMorgan’s EMBI Global index this year. On average, emerging-market sovereign debt has declined 1.97 percent.
The Second Circuit Court of Appeals in New York is weighing Argentina’s arguments against a lower court ruling forcing the government to pay holdouts, including billionaire Paul Singer, from its 2001 default on $95 billion of debt in full before or at the same time as it pays holders of restructured bonds. In a hearing on Feb. 27, an attorney for Argentina said the country would opt to default if the judges don’t accept an alternate formula for paying investors who shunned the two restructuring offers.
Companies that depend on revenue from outside Argentina, such as Arcos Dorados Holdings Inc., the world’s largest McDonald’s franchisee, and real estate company IRSA Inversiones y Representaciones SA, are among the better investments in the corporate debt market, according to Greg Saichin, who helps oversee about $207 billion as head of emerging market and high yield portfolio management at Pioneer Investment Management in London. Access to foreign currency has been restricted since Fernandez began her second term in October 2011.
“There is a natural hedge there,” Saichin, who holds Argentine corporate bonds, said in a telephone interview. The price volatility caused by developments in the sovereign’s legal battle is likely “providing whoever is looking at these opportunities with a lower entry point.”
Arcos Dorados, based in Buenos Aires, got 52 percent of its total revenue from Brazil in 2011, compared with about 14 percent from Argentina and 6 percent from Mexico, according to company filings. The yield on the company’s dollar bonds due 2019, which are rated two levels below investment grade by Moody’s Investors Service, is 6.09 percent. That compares with average borrowing costs of 10.46 percent for Argentine companies, according to JPMorgan’s CEMBI Broad index.
Dollar bonds due 2020 for Buenos Aires-based IRSA, which has a 49 percent stake in New Lipstick LLC, the owner of the Lipstick Building in midtown Manhattan, have returned 7.8 percent this year. The company’s sales in the quarter ended Dec. 31 jumped 48 percent from a year earlier to about 801 million pesos ($158 million), according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Industrias Metalurgicas Pescarmona, known as Impsa, the maker of wind and hydroelectric turbines, has handed investors in its 2020 bonds 12.8 percent this year, the biggest gain in JPMorgan’s index of Argentine corporate debt. Buenos Aires-based Pan American Energy has returned 9.7 percent, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Argentina’s corporate notes trade less often than sovereign debt and are harder to sell should Fernandez continue to tighten regulations and keep dollars from leaving the economy, according to Diego Ferro, who helps manage more than $500 million in emerging-market debt at Greylock Capital Management LLC.
Fernandez, who uses reserves to pay debt obligations, will do what it takes to pay investors, even if it impedes companies’ abilities to meet obligations, Ferro said. In April, Fernandez, 60, seized oil producer YPF SA from Madrid-based Repsol SA, arguing that a lack of investment caused fuel imports to double to $9.4 billion in 2011 from 2010.
“Corporates in Argentina are cheap and offer value, but the whole Argentine regulatory system is difficult to pin down,” Ferro, who owns some sovereign and provincial debt, said in a telephone interview from New York. “After what they did to YPF, I don’t think there’s any sacred cow there. I’d rather stay with the liquidity and the risk of the people making the decisions, rather than with the people suffering them.”
The cost to protect against an Argentine default in the next five years based on trading in credit-default swaps fell 150 basis points, or 1.50 percentage point, to 2,823 at 12:44 p.m. in New York, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
The extra yield investors demand to hold Argentine government dollar bonds instead of Treasuries rose three basis points to 1,160, according to JPMorgan. The peso weakened 0.1 percent to 5.0755 per dollar.
Institutional or long-term investors who understand Argentine risk have been buying and holding onto the country’s corporate debt over the past six months, said Jack Iles, who helps oversee about $2 billion in emerging-market debt, including Argentine corporate bonds, at Manulife Asset Management. These investors are more comfortable owning those notes for a longer period of time, he said.
“They’re very good companies, they make money, and they’re cheap relative to the rest of the market -- extremely cheap still,” Iles said in a telephone interview from Boston. “In a diversified portfolio, you should own some of this stuff.”