Oil tumbled the most in two months after equities dropped on political turmoil in Europe and as Middle East tensions eased on the prospect of renewed talks between Western countries and Iran.
Futures slipped 1.6 percent and the euro weakened amid opposition calls for Spanish Premier Mariano Rajoy to resign following contested reports about illegal payments. Iran considers an offer by U.S. Vice President Joe Biden to negotiate directly over its nuclear program a “step forward,” Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi said.
“We’re seeing a generalized selloff in all the markets as the problems of the Spanish prime minister are a reminder of the big issues that remain in Europe,” said John Kilduff, a partner at Again Capital LLC, a New York-based energy hedge fund. “Oil is also down because of Biden’s overture to Iran and the Iranian response. This is reducing the security premium slightly.”
Crude oil for March delivery dropped $1.60 to settle at $96.17 barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It was the biggest decline since Dec. 6. Trading was 15 percent below the 100-day average at 3:46 p.m. Futures have retreated 1.7 percent in the past year.
Brent oil for March settlement fell $1.16, or 1 percent, to end the session at $115.60 on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. It was the first decline since Jan. 21. The contract settled at $116.76 on Feb. 1, the highest since Sept. 13. Trading volume was 8.2 percent above the 100-day average.
The European benchmark grade settled at a $19.43-a-barrel premium to West Texas Intermediate futures traded in New York. It was the widest spread since Dec. 28.
Stocks retreated along with Spanish and Italian government bonds amid signs of returning political uncertainty in two of Europe’s weakest economies.
In Madrid, opposition leader Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba said Rajoy should resign after reports in El Pais newspaper that he or members of his People’s Party received the unauthorized funds. With elections looming this month in Italy, former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi narrowed the lead of front-runner Pier Luigi Bersani.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average declined 0.9 percent, and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index fell 1.1 percent. The Dow exceeded 14,000 last week for the first time since October 2007. The euro decreased as much as 1 percent against the dollar. A weaker euro and stronger U.S. currency reduce the appeal of dollar-denominated commodities as an investment.
“We’re seeing a strong correlation between equities and oil today,” said Bob Yawger, director of the futures division at Mizuho Securities USA Inc. in New York. “The dollar is stronger today, which is going to hurt commodities.”
Talks to defuse tension over Iran’s nuclear work will be held Feb. 25 in Kazakhstan, Salehi said yesterday at the Munich Security Conference. The U.S. will offer bilateral negotiations if the Islamic republic’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei is prepared for “serious” discussions, Biden said the day before at the same event.
“The prospect of talks between Iran and the West is alleviating some of the geopolitical premium,” Yawger said. “We got a risk-off day here with stocks lower, the dollar higher and some reduction of geopolitical risk.”
The U.S. and its allies are trying to pressure Iran over its nuclear program, which they say is aimed at producing atomic weapons. The U.S. and Israel haven’t ruled out military strikes against nuclear facilities. The Islamic republic, under dozens of sanctions and a decade-long investigation, insists its nuclear program is peaceful.
Do Or Die
“We are going to have talks, and tensions will fall,” said Bill O’Grady, chief market strategist at Confluence Investment Management in St. Louis, which oversees $1.4 billion. “This is kind of bringing the whole situation to a do-or-die moment. If the talks come and they fail, then the administration is pretty much going to be able to tell the world that we’ve got a green light to take steps.”
Hedge funds and refiners vied to buy oil last month. Money managers increased net-long positions, or bets on rising prices, to a nine-month high of 218,604 in the week ended Jan. 29, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission’s Feb. 1 Commitments of Traders report showed. Bullish wagers held by refiners and producers rose to the most since at least June 2006.
In London, investors raised bullish bets on Brent to their highest level in the two years for which data is available, according to ICE data. Speculative bets that prices will rise, in futures and options combined, outnumbered short positions by 179,735 lots, the exchange said today in its weekly Commitment of Traders report.
Electronic trading volume on the Nymex was 396,678 contracts as of 3:46 p.m. It totaled 798,288 contracts Feb. 1, 55 percent above the three-month average. Open interest was 1.58 million, the highest level since Nov. 12.