Bloomberg the Company & Products

Bloomberg Anywhere Login

Bloomberg

Connecting decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas, Bloomberg quickly and accurately delivers business and financial information, news and insight around the world.

Company

Financial Products

Enterprise Products

Media

Customer Support

  • Americas

    +1 212 318 2000

  • Europe, Middle East, & Africa

    +44 20 7330 7500

  • Asia Pacific

    +65 6212 1000

Communications

Industry Products

Media Services

Follow Us

Lewis Lapham: Gold Insects Destroyed Europe’s Grapevines

'Inventing Wine'
"Inventing Wine: A New History of One of the World's Most Ancient Pleasures," by Paul Lukacs. Source: W.W. Norton & Company via Bloomberg

Jan. 19 (Bloomberg) -- In 1863, vineyards in France’s Rhone Valley began to sicken. Leaves drooped, the fruit did not ripen, and inevitably the plants died. Vast tracts were affected, yet no one knew the cause of the catastrophe.

(To listen to the podcast, click here.)

Finally, in 1868, a group of scientists led by Jules-Emile Planchon came to the rescue: They dug up healthy and diseased vines and compared the difference.

Planchon spotted the tiny gold insects covering the roots, each about the size of a pinprick. They sucked sap, starving the plants.

Since they resembled the insects recently found on oak leaves, Phylloxera quercus, Planchon called them Phylloxera vastatrix -- the destroyer.

This plague, as well as a devastating series of fungal infections, came from North America. As Europeans imported New World nursery stock, along came pests and diseases against which Old World growth had no resistance.

I spoke with Paul Lukacs, author of “Inventing Wine: A New History of One of the World’s Most Ancient Pleasures,” on the following topics:

1. Divine Gift

2. Drink & Discuss

3. Aristocratic Beverage

4. Technological Advances

5. Wine for All

To buy this book in North America, click here.

(Lewis Lapham is the founder of Lapham’s Quarterly and the former editor of Harper’s magazine. He hosts “The World in Time” interview series for Bloomberg News.)

Muse highlights include Zinta Lundborg on NYC Best and Greg Evans on film.

To contact the writer on the story: Lewis Lapham in New York at lhl@laphamsquarterly.org.

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Manuela Hoelterhoff at mhoelterhoff@bloomberg.net.

Please upgrade your Browser

Your browser is out-of-date. Please download one of these excellent browsers:

Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera or Internet Explorer.