The Canadian dollar recouped last year’s losses as the growing perception of the currency as a reserve asset bolstered demand among global investors even as the nation’s commodity-led economic boom slowed.
The currency has gained 2.4 percent this year versus its U.S. counterpart, after losing 2.3 percent in 2011. The International Monetary Fund said last month that the relatively high number of central banks buying the so-called loonie and Australian dollar indicates they should be added to a category that includes the U.S. dollar and yen. Statistics Canada is forecast to show on Jan. 4 that employment growth slowed in December.
“Canada is a viable alternative with stable government, stable institutions, and a triple-A rating,” said Jack Spitz, managing director of foreign exchange at National Bank, by phone from Toronto. “Reserve diversification benefits Canada for sure.”
The loonie, as the currency is known for the image of the aquatic bird on the C$1 coin, fell 0.4 percent last week to 99.70 cents per U.S. dollar. One Canadian dollar buys $1.003.
The currency reached C$1.0447 on June 6, its low for the year, as traders speculated that slowing economic growth would prompt the Bank of Canada to back away from signaling higher interest rates. The central bank maintained its tightening bias through the year, and the currency rallied to a 13-month high of 96.33 cents on Sept. 14, as investor optimism rebounded.
Canadian government bond yields are lower for a third consecutive year. The yield on the benchmark 10-year bond has dropped to 1.77 percent from 1.94 percent at the end of 2011.
Foreigners bought the largest amount of Canadian debt in 10 years in October, adding C$8.15 billion ($8.18 billion) of government bonds and C$8.93 billion of private corporate debt. The purchases furthered a rally in the country’s bonds that have pushed yields to record lows, reaching 2.22 percent on June 1, according to Bank of America Merrill Lynch Canada Broad Market Index data that dates back to 1992.
The loonie’s performance against the U.S. dollar has also beaten that of its fellow commodity currency, the Australian dollar, even as Canada’s main export, crude oil is set for its first annual drop since 2008, when Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. collapsed and sparked a global financial crisis.
“Canada is very well diversified in terms of having the safe havens, metals, energy and the solid financial institutions, that is a very rare commodity in today’s world,” said Alfonzo Esparza, senior currency analyst at online currency exchange Oanda Corp. by phone from Toronto.
Canada’s banking system was ranked the world’s soundest for a fifth consecutive year in September by the Geneva-based World Economic Forum. Even after outperforming the bank debt of other nations last year, demand has diminished with Canadian lenders saying consumer banking profit will fall as individuals pare household debt and policy makers push measures to keep the housing market from overheating.
Canada’s economy has shown signs of slowing lately and its currency has fallen 1.26 percent versus the U.S. dollar this quarter. Canadian gross domestic product is expected to fall to 1.8 percent next year from a projected 2 percent this year, according to the median forecast in a Bloomberg survey of 29 economists.
“Nobody is expecting for Canada to break out suddenly, but it’s sort of steady growth, dependable, so I think that’s kind of the story that’s been getting some traction,” Esparza said. “This year solidified the Canadian dollar as a safe haven.”