The Dominican Republic will cut its greenhouse-gas emissions by 25 percent from 2010 levels by 2030, the first time a developing country has committed to an absolute reduction.
“This commitment is unique in that it comes from a developing country, combines a legal mandate with an absolute emission reduction, and is unconditional and is not dependent on external funding,” Jose Alberto Garibaldi, a member of the Dominican Republic delegation, said today by e-mail. “You would be hard-pressed to find another one combining these anywhere.”
The Caribbean nation passed a law in January that commits it to reduce discharges of climate-warming gases from 3.4 metric tons of carbon dioxide per capita to 2.8 tons per capita in 2030. The Dominican Republic has a population of 10 million, according to the CIA World Factbook.
Nations are meeting in Doha to negotiate a climate treaty to succeed the Kyoto Protocol, which sets caps on emissions from developed countries for the five years through 2012 and may be extended through 2020. At talks in Durban, South Africa last year, countries agreed to plot a post-2020 climate deal that would also bind developing countries like China and Qatar.
Nations including China, Brazil and South Africa announced in Copenhagen in 2009 voluntary commitments to slow the rate of growth in discharges, or reduce the average amount of carbon dioxide generated per unit of GDP.