Japan’s rejection of an international treaty on reducing pollution after 2012 is a tactic to put pressure on China and the U.S. to sign up to a new climate pact, the country’s environment ambassador said.
Japan wants to encourage the world’s two biggest emitters to take part in a global climate-protection system that would be agreed to before 2015 and to include both developing and industrialized nations, according to Masahiko Horie, who is ambassador for global environment. The nation will pursue voluntary policies rather than binding targets under the Kyoto Protocol beginning in 2013, he said.
“We’ll continue our efforts even though we don’t join the second commitment period,” Horie said in an interview in Doha, where United Nations climate talks are entering their second week. “The only reason for that is try to give a push for the single international framework.”
Envoys from more than 190 countries are negotiating a future climate-protection framework at the conference after the world’s emissions surged to a record last year. The number of developed countries with binding pollution targets under the Kyoto treaty will shrink to about 30. Japan, Russia, Canada and New Zealand said they are not planning to adopt new goals after the first period expires this year.
The U.S. never ratified the treaty, which doesn’t set enforceable goals for developing nations.
Kyoto covers less than a quarter of emissions while nations not bound by the treaty include China, the U.S. and developing nations that are responsible for a third of greenhouse gases, Horie said.
Japan, the world’s third-largest economy, emits 3.8 percent of global emissions. It has exceeded its target to cut emissions 6 percent.