Wheat grain weights, which can affect flour extraction, were the lowest on record this season in Great Britain after excess rain, the Home-Grown Cereals Authority said.
Grain weights averaged 69.6 kilograms (153 pounds) a hectoliter (2.8 bushels), down from last year’s results of 78.7 kilograms a hectoliter, the HGCA, a unit of the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, said today in a report on its website. The figures are based on field surveys that included 99,546 wheat samples. The U.K. had its wettest June, July and August since 1912, the Met Office has said.
The wheat crop’s Hagberg falling number was measured at 237 seconds, the lowest since 2008, and below last year’s level of 269 seconds, the HGCA said. A lower number indicates more of the grain sprouted, which can affect food shelf life. Protein content averaged 12.5 percent, the highest since 2006.
“Yields were lower this year, and it is worth considering that there tends to be an inverse relationship between yields and protein content,” HGCA said.
Barley grain weights were pegged at 62.9 kilograms per hectoliter, the lowest on records dating to 1977 and below last year’s results of 66.4 kilograms per hectoliter, HGCA said. The barley survey included 36,262 field samples.