Anheuser-Busch InBev NV, the world’s biggest brewer, said volume fell for a second straight quarter as higher prices restrained demand in Brazil and sales contracted in a declining Russian market.
Organic volume, which excludes the effect of acquisitions and disposals, dropped 0.3 percent, the Leuven, Belgium-based company said today, missing the median estimate of six analysts for a 2 percent increase. Sales of more expensive beers enabled the brewer to boost total revenue more than estimated.
The maker of Budweiser said the pace of volume growth in Brazil, one of its biggest regions, slowed from the second quarter and its dominant share of the market shrank about 1.1 percentage points from a year earlier as it increased prices to coincide with a proposed tax increase. The quantity of beer sold in Europe declined, led by a 17 percent drop in Russia amid a “declining industry and challenging regulatory environment.”
Today’s results are “a mixed bag,” Jonathan Fyfe, an analyst at Mirabaud Securities LLP in London, wrote in a note.
While an 11 percent increase in organic earnings before interest, tax, amortization and depreciation beat estimates, earnings per share growth fell short.
So-called normalized earnings before interest, tax, amortization and depreciation rose 0.3 percent to $3.98 billion. On an organic basis, that was an increase of 11 percent, compared with the median analyst estimate of 8.7 percent growth.
Normalized earnings per share rose to $1.17 from $1.09 in the quarter, missing the $1.21 median estimate, because of higher-than-expected finance charges, according to Anthony Bucalo, an analyst at Banco Santander SA in London.
AB InBev shares slid as much as 1.5 percent, and traded down 0.9 percent at 65.71 euros as of 11:42 a.m. in Brussels. They had risen 40 percent this year before today, outpacing gains in competitors SABMiller Plc, Carlsberg A/S and Heineken NV. Carlsberg, the owner of Russia’s biggest brewer, declined as much as 3.8 percent to 487.50 kroner in Copenhagen today.
The unexpected decline in AB InBev’s volume followed a 0.1 percent drop in the second quarter after it adjusted the pace and timing of deliveries in the U.S. to wholesalers.
Total organic sales rose 9.1 percent in the third quarter, topping the median analyst estimate of 7.5 percent. Revenue rose to $10.3 billion from $10.2 billion a year earlier.
In the U.S., the introduction of higher-priced products such as Bud Light Platinum and Lime-A-Rita led to a 5.7 percent gain in revenue per hectoliter, the company said. Increased costs of marketing and distribution to support new products meant normalized Ebitda as a percentage of sales shrank 2.22 percentage points to 42.2 percent in the North America region.
“We feel pleased about the performance in the U.S. and see the brands moving in the right direction,” Felipe Dutra, AB InBev’s chief financial officer, said on a call, even as the performance of its Budweiser brand disappointed in the quarter.
Beer revenue per hectoliter rose 18 percent in Brazil after the company brought forward price increases to the third quarter from the fourth quarter. The decision followed a change in excise taxes that was due to take effect on Oct. 1. Selling volume in the country edged up 0.2 percent and should be higher for the year as a whole, AB InBev said.
A partial postponement of the tax increase has led AB InBev to scale back price increases for the remainder of 2012, it said, adding that it anticipates beer-revenue-per-hectoliter growth in the “high single-digits” in Brazil this year.
Volume fell 0.6 percent in western Europe and 14 percent in central and eastern European on a “declining and challenging regulatory environment, especially in Russia,” AB InBev said. The brewer is “still committed” to Russia, although “we see the industry declining this year, and we’re not too optimistic,” Dutra said.
AB InBev expects to complete the $20 billion acquisition of the rest of Mexican partner Grupo Modelo SAB in the first quarter of 2013, Dutra said on the call. AB InBev shares fell earlier this month after website TheCapitolForum reported that the U.S. Department of Justice may want to block the deal.
“Given the size and profile of this transaction, I do expect the DOJ to be very diligent on this analysis,” Dutra said. “We believe the transaction should be approved.”
AB InBev sees revenue per hectoliter increasing ahead of inflation, and expects the cost of sales to increase in “mid-single digits” as it mitigates rising commodity costs with more efficient purchasing. Distribution costs and sales and marketing investments will increase by “mid-to-high single digits.”